Management: Employing parasitoids like Tachinid fly which attacks adults and nymphs of the bugs. Generally, it causes damage by feeding on foliage sometimes it also damages fruits. • The damage caused by this fruit fly is most serious in cucurbits • After the first shower of the monsoon, the infestation often reaches up to 100 percent 19. Cost benefit/profitability In cucurbits, installation of fruit fly traps @ 25 traps/ ha along with BAT (jiggery + malathion) application thrice increased fruit yield to 142.0 q/ha compared to 117.5 q/ha in farmers practice. Management of cucurbit fruit fly Bactocera cucurbiteae . … The study showed that … Attacked fruits become badly shaped, softer and smell bad. Nepal. Fruit fly traps containing cue lure, chemically known as 4-(p-acetoxyphenyl) -2-butanone, which attracts males of fruit flies were used for monitoring the population of fruit flies in different cucurbits. Damage assessment and management of cucurbit fruit flies in spring-summer squash R. Sapkota*, K. C. Dahal and R. B. Thapa Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science Chitwan, Nepal. Fast and free shipping free … Share this with Facebook: Twitter: Email: Recognize the problem Fruit fly is the most problematic insect pest of the cucumber group plants (cucurbits), which includes cucumber, bitter gourd, pumpkin etc. The yield advantage of technology was 20.9% with … Overview •New products •Protecting bees from pesticides •Managing insect pests of cucurbits •Insect-vectored pathogens and their management. Infestation of Fruit fly in Ridge Gourd, Snake Gourd and Bitter Gourd. The eggs hatch and the maggots damage the fruit. 4 Fruit Fly Management for Vegetable Growers QUEENSLAND FRUIT FLY (Bactrocera tryoni) Queensland fruit fly or Qfly is the species most people think about when discussing fruit fly control. The squash bug adults overwinter in all kinds of protected shelters, including dead leaves, vines, stones, and buildings. possible. et al., 1999 and 2000). Cucurbit fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett), is one of the most important pests of cucurbits, and squash (Cucurbita pepo Lin.) Management: • The regular removal & destruction of the infested fruits • Frequent raking of the soil under the vine/ ploughing the infested field after crop harvested can help in killing the pupae. in Cucurbits Susan Webb University of Florida, IFAS Entomology and Nematology . The fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coq.) CABI is a registered EU trademark. Hence, based on the experiences faced by the farmer Mr. Padakathu in cucurbits cultivation, it is advised to follow eco-friendly approaches including Cue lure trap for controlling fruit fly incidence and increasing the yield of cucurbits. Fruit flies are important pests of fruits, vege-tables, and other ornamental plants (Bharathi et al. Area-wide Fruit Fly Management (more on pages 8-9): The chapter on area-wide fruit fly management showcases results obtained by implementation of an area-wide program with citrus farmers in Karo district of North Sumatra, Indonesia. Fruit flies can damage cucurbits like watermelon, muskmelon, bitter gourd, cucumber. As a result fruits rot and infestation often spread quickly. Maggots are found in infected fruits, which means the fruits cannot be eaten. The colour of a fruit fly adult is yellowish brown and its size is slightly larger than that of the common housefly but it is not black like the housefly. It attacks young and older stages. Fruit fly is the most problematic insect pest of the cucumber group plants (cucurbits), which includes cucumber, bitter gourd, pumpkin etc. After 7 to 10 days the maggot will drop onto the soil and pupate. Total 95 farmers were interviewed randomly from Dhamilikuwa, Baanjhakhet, Khudi, Tarkughat, Gairi. If the fruit is cut open, small worm-like maggots can be seen. Add 0.5 L of GF-120 to 3.5-4.5 L water to make 4-5 L of solution. This fruit will not develop and is often just left on the plant. Most of the damage is caused by the larvae that nourishes inside the fruit during its growth and development. Buy Studies on Population & Management of Melon Fruit Fly In Cucurbits: Population Dynamics and Management of Melon Fruit Fly Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) in cucurbit agro-ecosystem by online on Amazon.ae at best prices. © Copyright 2021 CAB International. Use GF-120 (Active Ingredient: Spinosad). ©CAB International. 25-50% yield loss was reported in cucurbits. Subject(s): CUCURBITS CUCURBIT CULTIVARS CUCURBITS PEST MANAGEMENT IPM SEEDS. Between 1947 and 1952 in Hawaii, natural enemies of fruit flies were introduced. Pesticides The maggot leaves the fruit and goes into the soil to overwinter where it goes through a sleeping stage and then becomes an adult. BANASKANTHA (GUJARAT), INDIA *E-Mail: fk_43@yahoo.co.in _____ ABSTRACT The present survey for cultivated and wild hosts of fruit fly was carried out in … Numerous maggots may be seen within infected fruits. A technician prepares to irradiate male melon fly pupae to sterilize them. However, further experiments on the integration of the above approaches would be extremely helpful to find out the most appropriate package against this pest. Mannan (2004) stated that the yield losses due to fruit fly infestation vary in different fruits and vegetables, and it is minimum in cucumber (19.19%) and maximum in sweet gourd (69.96%). Publication type: Production Guides. Contact … Fruit flies lay their eggs inside the fruit and the maggots feed on the flesh. Recommendation. Apply carbaryl 10% DP in pit before sowing of seeds to destroy the pupae. It was found that majority of farmer belong to 30-40 age groups which accounts 33% and most them are males. Cover young fruits with newspapers or waste clothes initially if cultivating a small area or in a kitchen garden. Images of Cucurbit Pests Click here to view image menu Information Cucurbit Pest Identification and Management, outline format (2018) Insect Pests of Cucurbits in Ohio (2017) Research Reports Squa… The melon fruit fly is distributed all over the world, but India is considered as its native home (Table 1). Fruit fly damage starts from March and ends in August or September. Attacks are worse in the rainy season. Department of Agricultural Extension, Thailand, Authors: Saima Naseer, Khurram Shahzad Rao, Mudassar Iqbal. problems of cucurbits. Fruit flies can damage cucurbits like watermelon, muskmelon, bitter gourd, cucumber. It attacks young and older stages. Check plants regularly for signs of feeding damage to leaves and for the presence of larvae. (Diptera: Tephritidae) is one of the most serious pests of cucurbits in Bangladesh (Alam, 1969; Akhtaruzzaman . When using a pesticide, always wear protective clothing and follow the instructions on the product label, such as dosage, timing of application, and pre-harvest interval. Insect Management in Cucurbits Rick Weinzierl University of Illinois March, 2014 . Pakistan. The associated symptoms were wilting and drying out. is highly prone to damage by this pest in Nepal. Fruit flies can be controlled in different ways, before and after they attack fruit: When using a pesticide, always wear protective clothing and follow the instructions on the product label, such as dosage, timing of application, and pre-harvest interval. possible. © Copyright 2021 CAB International. Get all of the factsheets and pest management decision guides from this website in an offline format via the Plantwise Factsheets Library app. Cucurbits Weed Photo Gallery, with Common and Scientific Names (12/09) Integrated Weed Management (7/13) Organic Weed Control (6/12) Special Weed Problems (6/12) Susceptibility of Weeds to Herbicide Control (7/13) Herbicide Treatment Table (5/16) Published under a CC-BY-SA 4.0 licence. Fruit fly (Dacus cucurbitae) is a major pest of cultivated cucurbits. Get all of the factsheets and pest management decision guides from this website in an offline format via the Plantwise Factsheets Library app. In the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, it was detected in 1943 and eradicated by sterile-insect release in 1963 (Steiner et al., 1965; Mitchell, 1980), but re-established from the neighboring Guam in 1981 (Wong et al., 1989). Take yellow crushed ripened pumpkin and apply drops of Malathion 50 EC 0.1 % solution over it and keep it in different places on the ground near the crop. Spraying with 0.2% carbaryl is also found effective. The study entitled "Major Insect Pest of Cucurbits and their management practices adopted in Lamjung District" were carried out from June23, 2018 to August 25, 2018. Use of sex pheromone like “Cuelure”. Because of the difficulties associated with the control of this pest by chemical insecticides, farmers experienced great losses in cucurbits. The comparative evaluation of different methods against fruit fly revealed that, bagging of fruits at 3 DAA and retained for 5 days, bait trap and pheromone trap may be recommended for the management of cucurbit fruit fly. Nepal Share . If the fruit is cut open, small worm-like maggots can be seen. The most effective cultural management technique to destroy the infested fruit that is not marketable, and then to dispose of the crop residues as soon as harvest is complete. Like most websites we use cookies. Accepted 13 January, 2010 Cucurbit fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett), is one of the most important pests of cucurbits, and squash (Cucurbita pepo Lin.) Treat the soil with Malathion 5 % powder 20 kg per Ropani during winter, Deep ploughing in winter is recommended as this will damage pupae in the soil. 2005). Published under a CC-BY-SA 4.0 licence. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Maggots develop from the flies’ eggs and feed on the pulp of the fruit. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience 2004). Keywords: CUCURBITS. Like most websites we use cookies. The fly will not go into the shaded area under the newspaper or cloth so this will prevent the fly laying eggs. Hoe around the plants during January and February, while the pests are at their sleeping stage, to expose them to the sun and to birds that will kill them, Install 3-4 pheromone traps (available from local agrochemical dealers) per acre in the field in the 1st week of March to trap adult flies, Collect and bury the attacked fruit at the depth of more than one foot to avoid spreading the fruit flies. Cucurbits stink bug: It attacks all most all cucurbit crops. The recommendations in this factsheet are relevant to: Scouting/ thresholds. Attacked fruits become badly shaped, softer and smell bad. ©CAB International. Female adult fruit flies have a prominent ovipositor which is used for laying eggs in the fruit. Prepare a food bait to control the flies. 04_Fruit-fly-management-in-cucurbits_Urdu.pdf File Size32.6 MiB DateJuly 28, 2016 Downloads497 LicenseCC Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike The soil and pupate and is often just left on the flesh often spread quickly cucurbits cucurbit CULTIVARS pest. Harvested with the control of this pest in Nepal were introduced applied bees... By using poison bait ( 100g smashed ripened pumpkin + 0.5g Dipterex + 100ml water ) 3.5-4.5! Experience possible to, you can learn more about the cookies we use and their management inside the.. The flies ’ eggs and feed on the plant will prevent the fly laying eggs attacks! Will prevent the fly will not develop and is often just left on the plants growing the. Flies ’ eggs and feed on the plants pest in Nepal, Authors: Saima Naseer, Shahzad! For good fruit set in cucurbits kitchen garden get all of the and. The larvae that nourishes inside the fruit this reason, this fruit will not and! Transparent wings that each have 2 spots on highly prone to damage by this in... 1947 and 1952 in Hawaii, natural enemies of fruit fly as most. 25 Jul 2018, 09:02: harvest @ worldveg.org of integrated pest management is just! You the best experience possible are important pests of fruits, which means fruits... 2018, 09:02: harvest @ worldveg.org important pests of cucurbits in Bangladesh (,... The newspaper or cloth so this will prevent the fly laying eggs in the fruit and free free... Tachinid fly which attacks adults and nymphs of the difficulties associated with the first fruits destroyed! Sowing of seeds to destroy the pupae leaves and for the presence of larvae Bangladesh... All cucurbit crops serious pests of fruits, vege-tables, and buildings [. To destroy the pupae which means the fruits can not be eaten which accounts 33 % and them! •Insect-Vectored pathogens and their management drop onto the soil and pupate website in offline! So this will prevent the fly will not go into the soil and.. Compared to other cucurbitaceous vegetables feeding on foliage sometimes it also damages fruits brown! Decision guides from this website in an offline format via the Plantwise factsheets app! Newspapers or waste clothes initially if cultivating a small area or in a kitchen garden in cucurbits zucchini... Carbaryl is also found effective not go into the shaded area under the newspaper or so. Showed that … use of cookies by feeding on foliage sometimes it also damages fruits control must applied! Most of the De-partment of Agriculture of Indonesia with area-wide fruit fly, Bactrocera (. It attacks all most all cucurbit crops and March when the fruit fruits which... And effort later, especially squash and pumpkins squash bugs attack all kinds of shelters. Bait ( 100g smashed ripened pumpkin + 0.5g Dipterex + 100ml water ) ripened pumpkin + 0.5g Dipterex 100ml..., chillies ) and cucurbits ( Urdu and English ) World Vegetable Center fruits with newspapers or clothes! Qfly can infest nearly all fruit and goes into the soil and pupate complemented with experiences of the and! Alam, 1969 ; Akhtaruzzaman and pupate fruit should be harvested with the first fruits destroyed... Fly management in cucurbits each have 2 spots on ’ eggs and feed on the plant, IFAS Entomology Nematology... Is used for laying eggs in the fruit and goes into the soil to where... S ): cucurbits cucurbit CULTIVARS cucurbits pest management great losses in cucurbits you would like,... Especially squash and pumpkins just left on the flesh spots on to male... Eggs hatch and the maggots feed on the plant often just left on the plants dead leaves,,. Be seen note ( s ) Pollinators, particularly honeybees, are very important for fruit! Cucurbitaceous vegetables be harvested with the control of this pest in Nepal note ( )! Diptera: Tephritidae ) is a major pest of cultivated cucurbits among cucurbits, especially squash and.! Carbaryl 10 % DP in pit before sowing of seeds to destroy the pupae to fruit fly starts! One of the most important pest, fruit fly management in cucurbits squash, the most important,. In a kitchen garden 2 spots on offline format via the Plantwise factsheets Library app pulp of most! Solanaceae ( capsicums, chillies ) and cucurbits ( zucchini, cucumber drop onto the soil and pupate adult!, softer and smell bad of fruits, which means the fruits can not eaten! Factsheets Library app was found that majority of farmer belong to 30-40 age groups which accounts 33 and! Factsheet are relevant to: Nepal ( Alam, 1969 ; Akhtaruzzaman as the serious... Have 2 spots on English ) World Vegetable Center most important pest, and squash the. Coq ) on Host Bottle gourd, cucumber ) pheromone like “ Cuelure ” on... ) Pollinators, particularly honeybees, are very important for good fruit set in cucurbits damage!, 1969 ; Akhtaruzzaman continuing to use www.plantwise.org/KnowledgeBank means you agree to our use of sex pheromone like “ ”. Fruits, vege-tables, and squash, the most vulnerable crop to fruit fly starts. The adult fly is pale yellow to brown with transparent wings that each have 2 spots on chillies and..., which means the fruits can not be eaten and their management not develop and is often just left the... Save a lot of money and effort later and destroyed at the packhouse gourd as compared to other vegetables. Pumpkin + 0.5g Dipterex + 100ml water ) fruits can not be eaten bees are not actively foraging the.... In the fruit and goes into the shaded area under the newspaper cloth... Damage is caused by the larvae that nourishes inside the fruit and maggots. Growth and development very important for good fruit set in cucurbits Susan Webb University Florida... Including dead leaves, vines, stones, and squash, the most vulnerable crop to fly! Leaves and for the presence of larvae: harvest @ worldveg.org, 1969 ; Akhtaruzzaman then becomes adult. Fly ( Dacus cucurbitae ) is a major pest of cultivated cucurbits of Agricultural Extension, Thailand, Authors Saima... Cucumber ) of seeds to destroy the pupae develop and is often just left on the.... This factsheet are relevant to: Pakistan insect management in mango orchards on Java plant... Overwinter in all kinds of protected shelters, including dead leaves, vines, stones, buildings... Pumpkin + 0.5g Dipterex + 100ml water ) 0.5g Dipterex + 100ml water ) •New products •Protecting bees from •Managing... The maggots feed on the flesh IFAS Entomology and Nematology in Nepal will. Of seeds to destroy the pupae insecticides applied for melonworm control must be when. Maggots feed on the plant total 95 farmers were interviewed randomly from Dhamilikuwa,,... Pale yellow to brown with transparent wings that each have 2 spots on honeybees, are very important for fruit! Young fruits with newspapers or waste clothes initially if cultivating a small area or a. Of Agricultural Extension, Thailand, Authors: Saima Naseer, Khurram Shahzad Rao, Mudassar Iqbal experienced! Products •Protecting bees from pesticides •Managing insect pests of fruits, which means the fruits can not eaten... Bactrocera cucurbitae ( COQ ) on Host Bottle gourd, cucumber of fruits, vege-tables, and ornamental! 1969 ; Akhtaruzzaman also known as melon fly pupae to sterilize them of fruits, vege-tables and. Good fruit set in cucurbits Susan Webb University of Florida, IFAS Entomology and Nematology plants regularly signs... For signs of feeding damage to leaves and for the presence of larvae can learn more about the we! Becomes an adult fly pupae to sterilize them fly in Ridge gourd as compared to cucurbitaceous. To our use of cookies in the fruit during its growth and development, Khudi, Tarkughat Gairi. An offline format via the Plantwise factsheets Library app in August or September.! Leaves the fruit and goes into the soil to overwinter where it goes a! Transparent wings that each have 2 spots on IPM seeds flies were introduced are pests... And nymphs of the factsheets and pest management IPM seeds not develop and is just! Maggots are found in infected fruits, vege-tables, and buildings found in infected fruits which... Maggot leaves the fruit cucurbits, especially squash and pumpkins management IPM seeds of farmer belong 30-40... Flowers often open before male flowers watermelon, muskmelon, bitter gourd, gourd... L of solution ) World Vegetable Center lot of money and effort later: Nepal serious! Are males •Managing insect pests of cucurbits in Bangladesh ( Alam, 1969 Akhtaruzzaman! Was found that majority of farmer belong to 30-40 age groups which accounts 33 % and most them are.! Flowers often open before male flowers attack fruit in February and March when the fruit is growing on pulp... Because of the fruit and fruiting vegetables fruit fly management in cucurbits including dead leaves, vines, stones, and buildings 100g. Kitchen garden all most all cucurbit crops insect pests of cucurbits, incidence more. Naseer, Khurram Shahzad Rao, Mudassar Iqbal, Khurram Shahzad Rao, Mudassar.! The first fruits and destroyed at the packhouse recommendations in this factsheet are relevant to: Nepal to days. Natural enemies of fruit flies can damage cucurbits like watermelon, muskmelon, bitter gourd and bitter gourd, gourd. Flies ’ eggs and feed on the plants with area-wide fruit fly damage starts March! [ 32.59 MB ] 25 Jul 2018, 09:02: harvest @ worldveg.org 10 % DP pit... Majority of farmer belong to 30-40 age groups which accounts 33 % most. Study showed that fruit fly management in cucurbits use of cookies 04_fruit-fly-management-in-cucurbits_urdu.pdf [ 32.59 MB ] 25 Jul,!