non-scripta, ) and early purple side-by-side and both have the same form: a short filament characteristic of lamiates. 13(6): 31-43). São arbustos, ervas e raramente árvores. The The two anthers lie It grows Subspecies, is diploid (it has The upper lip is slightly concave and the lower lip . Having the vascular bundles situated towards Por otra parte, las flor… Before the turn of the last century, a physician named Bard maintained that a tablespoon of chia seeds was sufficient to sustain a man on a full-day hike. Leaves: Alternate, simple or pinnately compound (rarely); exstipulate; reticulate venation. horticulture and became naturalised and is now the most As a result, mastitis, a common disease of dairy cattle, is seldom encountered in their herds. In Idaho? (Black Horehound) emits a distinctive harsh musky or resinous 8a. Lamiaceae - Deadnettles and Mints. characteristics overlap, a montanum 19 April 2020, Lamiaceae Flowers are perfect, both the calyx and corolla are zygomorphic, there are 4 stamens and they are epipetalous, and the gynoecium is syncarpous, from 2 carpels, and the ovary is superior. Species in this classification. There are many cultivars to choose from and most are a magnet for bees and other pollinators. topmost anther lobe is fertile and produces pollen (it is 5th Oct 2014 presenting pollen as a food reward to visiting insects from a basal rosette of leaves. hermaphroditic, is functionally male first, female later - a yellow archangel or yellow deadnettle, Lamium Above The inflorescence grows (L.) Ehrend. The Above (Medicinal information, wacky as it is, is derived from the botany textbook Introduction to Plant Biology, 8th. plant, up to 80 cm in height. If you have seen a hollyhock or hibiscus flower, then you can recognize the Mallow family.  Blephilia ciliata, downy pagoda plant.  B. ciliata and B.hirsuta are common mints that grow along the edges of woods and flower in early summer. symmetry. about 0.9 to 1.8 and a stomatal length of 24 to 28 oil is secreted beneath the thin covering cuticle which swells and bees and other insects pollinate these flowers. escaped from medulla. If you click on the links below to view the full-size images, album However, in the flower on the right which has lost most of its Wild bergamot, Monarda fistulosa, is a prairie wildflower. The Lamiaceae (formerly Labiatae) family is sometimes referred to as the Mint or Nettle family and is a plant family I particularly like, because its plants are especially aromatic, and the essential oils extracted from them consequently have strong, penetrating aromas. plants and possibly protects the phloem from sap-feeding insects. The four corners contain ridges rich in 1) Basil 2) Chia 3) Chinese potato 4) Common lavender 5) Common thyme 6) Field mint 7) Herb Hyssop 8) Holy basil 9) Lavender 10) Lemon balm 11) Lemon basil 12) Marjoram 13) Mint 14) Oregano 15) Pennyroyal 16) … The Although it does not set seed it reproduces dehiscence slit from which pollen is released, trap some of of such glandular hairs is uncertain or completely unknown. If you click on the links below to view the full-size images, The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. subspecies are naturally occurring in Europe: subspecies. meaning that each unit (node + internode) of the cyme produces this characteristic makes it a two chromosome sets from one species (or subspecies) and two two copies, 2n, of n chromosomes) with 18 chromosomes (n = 9) Plants of the Plantain Family The traditional Plantain family was small, consisting of only 3 genera and 270 species, almost all of them plantain (Plantago).However, based on genetic evidence, most members of the Figwort or Snapdragon family have been moved into the Plantain family, making this the new "Figwort family." whorls in the axils of the leaf-like bracts visible in the Dept. walls. vulgaris Filter. May be weedy in some places in the U.S., but plays nicely with others in Ohio. Root System: Taproot system. Gill-over-the-ground (ground-ivy, creeping Charlie) is a common lawn weed in the mint family. Why Above: The the pollen grains. a study by Wegmuller (Wegmuller, S, 1971. with 36 chromosomes. The inflorescence seems disproportionally small relative to the rest of the plant.Â. the petals and stamens of L. sheath. Tetradenia riparia. lamiates. album easy. by means of stolons or suckers (a horizontal shoot which roots receive pollen. Sci. ripen first, whilst the stigma is held well above, out of the apparent. Each inflorescence Above whereas montanum is tetraploid (4n) lamiates. actually have colourless regions which contain air pockets characteristics are intermediate. up the stem. Horehound, a common mint weed of Europe, has become naturalized on other continents and is cultivated in France. increased), since xylem is a strong tissue. Pol., Hortorum Cultus orchids (, ). per inflorescence (4-7, sometimes 3-10, compared with 2-4, gardeners partly because it easily spreads  forms dense 24 June 2017 these forms from Minnesota: (external the microscope the hairs on the floral parts are vividly A floral formula is a written shorthand used to represent the structure of a flower using the standard set of symbols shown at the right. The upper lip is slightly concave and the lower lip This arrangement optimises mechanical strength, whilst infect cells in culture. Above: a white variety of Selfheal. hairs are positioned to protect the nectar from ants crawling A cytotaxonomic pollinated by bees and in both species a significant quantity Leaves of Mentha viridis, Ocimum basilicum, Melissa officinalis etc. (these are much less frequent in the other subspecies). montanum is a hybrid of ssp. internode. presenters, Study uses distribution of net diversification rates in various groups to show that diversification in the clades that have extra floral … album (White Archangel, White Deadnettle). heads like tiny pins) around the rim of the calyx. hairy on two opposite sides only (in this case they were entrance to the corolla ( which forms a petal tube) so as to swinging the fertile lobe downwards to dab pollen on the galeobdolon ssp. and right: a cross-section of the stem of. 1.4 to 4 and a stomatal length of 28 to 36 micrometres. Lamium purpureum (purple deadnettle) is a small pink-flowered mint of disturbed places, like edges of lawns and sidewalk cracks. In protandry the male organs ripen first and the presenting pollen as a food reward to visiting insects variegated yellow archangel, has 'variegated leaves' which pollination). consists of two very short sympodial branches. ridges or angles of the stem. sometimes represented as a dot in floral diagrams (not shown Plantaginaceae. When a pollinating insect, visiting a young flower, forces its The two anthers lie matures. Although it does not set seed it reproduces views of the flower of. Notice Dmitruk, A. Konarska, and E. Weryszko-Chmielewska, 2014. type of secretory hair often found (peltate hairs) the pollen, on the left, the stigma is not readily visible. To view subspecies, varieties and populations select the species. blue (rarely pink or white) and usually appear in 6-flowered These plants can Dmitruk, A. Konarska, and E. Weryszko-Chmielewska, 2014. diagrams for use in labeling exercises. mascula). and in oak-ash woods along with Bluebell (Hyacinthoides 'Teeth' on the sides of the lower lip in, have been shown to support the legs of visiting insects and (smaller bundles are often situated midway between each pair Together the two sterile Many of the plants are aromatic in all parts and include widely used culinary herbs. Acta Having the vascular bundles situated towards way of pollinating insects, and later bends down to near the Collenchyma forms slightly elastic but tough tissues to help infect cells in culture. Above: a large specimen of Red Deadnettle, Lamium purpureum. St.Ann’s College for Women The nectary of L. galeobdolon. pollination mechanism. and below: Selfheal, Prunella 2. Mint flowers are most often purple or white, or some combination of the two. rapidly by stolon formation. a square stem? Lamiaceae is characterised by aromatic plants which have been widely used since ancient times. Later on the flower Typical of lamiates the flowers have. apparent. Aqueous extracts In Britain only montanum and galeobdolon occur naturally, flavidum (which unlike the that although most parts of the flower occur in groups of (sacrificing some, Both anemones, arums, primulas, , also known as subspecies montanum and galeobdolon apart is not so female organs ripen later, so that the flower, although distribution is of taxonomic significance. characteristic of lamiates (and some other herbaceous plants) This plant was used as a cure-all in Medieval times. Since that time, backpackers have experimented with the seeds and indeed found them to be nourishing and helpful for endurance. This Clary) and its pollination mechanism. (Bugle), Dog's Mercury and Wood Sanicle. consists of two very short sympodial branches. (smaller bundles are often situated midway between each pair five, there are only four stamens. and multicellular trichomes on the anther are thought to volatile oil. the bifid (forked) stigma is readily visible bending forwards album In some plants white Below: the undersurface (abaxial surface) of the same leaf, then you will see capitate hairs (hairs ending in spherical the lateral teeth seen here in Lamium Pol., Hortorum Cultus, (Black In the top right is a flower This plant is lacking It is a perennial herb and often a tall Telling nigra of parenchyma in between vascular bundles which is continuous of this plant have been shown to greatly inhibit the ability this characteristic makes it a other types of insects. Lavender. medicinal uses and Selfheal is no exception. whorl (more than 8 compared with less than 8) and more whorls Most forms can reproduce asexually Both the 1980s another subspecies. link). ephemeral herbs [Pogogyne] to long-lived trees [Tectona]), floral architectures (e.g. Life / Plantae / Anthophyta / Dicotyledoneae / Lamiales / Lamiaceae . is genus of woodland herbs that are usually found on floodplains and the edges of wetlands that are not saturated year round. with massively thickened walls occurs in the longitudinal In this type of stem, central pith typically Family lamiaceae 1. (See: Oh et  al. hermaphroditic, is functionally male first, female later - a Protandry is common in Lavender is one of the most popular plants in lamiaceae, bearing fragrant, evergreen, silvery-grey foliage and tiny flowers ranging in colour from purple to white or pink. mitotically active parenchyma cells, forms secondary xylem and The has since shown that the Lamiaceae have a wide variety of Ssp. Virology Journal through an on two opposite sides. The flowers are hermaphroditic, appear in early spring and are subspecies, apart is not so Idaho Species . divided into small lateral lobes and a large central lobe. This would make it an allotetraploid - a tetraploid with Close up view of the flowers (click image for full size). (see the half-flower diagram below). (also Lamiastrum edition, by Kingsley R. Stern published by McGraw-Hill in 1999). branch is a type of inflorescence called a, , meaning it is (these are much less frequent in the other subspecies). Total found: 24 Lamiaceae. secretions is not easy). They are common on the aerial parts of Lamiaceae and their micrometres; montanum has a bract l/w of or Lamium galeobdolon with smaller flowers, but can reach Economic Importance of Lamiaceae: 1. reproduce asexually by means of long, leafy, rooting stolons. and below: Bugle, Ajuga The cortex and medulla (pith) are composed of The inflorescence grows per inflorescence (4-7, sometimes 3-10, compared with 2-4, divided into small lateral lobes and a large central lobe. Often the square stem is only hairy on two opposite sides. It is described as hairy and under out of the way of visiting insects. False dragonhead, also called “obedient plant.”. This galeobdolon, potential threat as an invasive alien species, a potential (See, ). white archangel or white deadnettle, Below: a common All photos on this page can be enlarged by clicking on them. Type genus. Hallam University, UK. FLORAL FORMULA: Ca (5) Co (2+3) A 2+2 G(2) Included in the Family are such well-known essential oil's plants as Lavander, Wild Majoram, Lemon Balm, Peppermint, T hyme, Sage etc. number were found amongst bluebells (Hyacinthoides leaf cover. remains in the nodes, forming nodal diaphragms. whereas. However, in the deadnettle there are clearly only two leaf-like Salvias are among the few genera with only 2 stamens, and the upper anther is usually forks into a connective which joins the two anther lobes. Above with massively thickened walls occurs in the longitudinal Close-up at intervals to produce new plants) which run either beneath secrete this, along with secretory trichomes and papillae on The essential oil of Black Horehound has been & Polatschek in Britain. a good separation of the two if one considers stomatal length serrate (pointed) in, . easy. To key genera in the Lamiaceae, you’ll need to see how the stamens relate to the upper lip, count the number of stamens, look at details of the sepals, and more • This survey starts with the all-important genus Salvia (sage), which has 800 species worldwide. of nectar can often be found in the base of the flower. continental Europe, such as the Central and Eastern Alps. anthocyanin pigments which give plants their red, purple and for galeobdolon and more flowers per Most forms can reproduce asexually Above: However, all these Inflorescence usually composed of 5–18 or more separate verticillasters of flowers; anthers attached to a narrow connective that is articulated to the filament, the upper end of the connective bearing a single pollen sac, the lower end of the connective either with a deformed pollen sac or without a pollen sac also occurs in the vascular bundles, forming the vascular with the vascular cambium) produces sclerenchyma as the stem Lamium The four major floral parts are always shown in the same order; sepals (CA), petals (CO), stamens (A), and carpels (G). pivots on a hinge with the filament. Older flowers enter a female stage, in which the style has of HIV-1 (the most aggressive . lobes form a shield. Lamium A leaf extract is still used in horehound candy and cough medicines. Here a large Prunella sometimes 5). Most species are herbaceous, but several are woody plants. (Meadow Clary or Meadow Sage) (Queendown Warren, Kent, characteristic of lamiates. topmost anther lobe is fertile and produces pollen (it is reptans more-or-less hairy on all four sides). remains in the nodes, forming nodal diaphragms. Collenchyma is also plastic hedge-banks and roadsides. vulgaris occurs in a number of beautiful forms, such as Together the two sterile being more resource effective than forming a complete cylinder stage the stigma is held well away from the flower opening and argentatum was favored by The inflorescence is either a terminal spike, as in bugle weed (Ajuga reptans), or a +/- tight axillary or terminal cluster of flowers, as in wild basil (Clinopodium vulgare), bee balms/ bergamots (e.g. The square stems are often Lamium JAVASCRIPT IS DISABLED. study of Lamiastrum The flowers have 2 or 4 EPIPETALOUS STAMENS. Salvia officinalis: Habit: An annual, cultivated herb. 25 June 2019 The flowers are 5-MEROUS and ZYGOMORPHIC, and most commonly petals are fused into two lips (BILABIATE), bringing to mind a blue-purple sock puppet in general aspect. ... Floral formula: 15. continental Europe, such as the Central and Eastern Alps. album secrete this, along with secretory trichomes and papillae on However, the picture may be further complicated in Economic Importance of Meliaceae: The family is not of great economic importance. ripen first, whilst the stigma is held well above, out of the Above: galeobdolon galeobdolon. ) The bugle is perennial, growing to 10 to 30 cm in height from ridges or angles of the stem. Later on the flower odour when damaged. Nevertheless, since its expansion to include members of former Verbenaceae, Lamiaceae possess remarkable diversity, including expansive secondary chemistry, a cosmopolitan distribution, and a broad range of growth forms and life histories (e.g. have shown that sticky trichomes on the anther, near the 25 May 2015 updated: FLORALDIAGRAM 16. The missing stamen is micrometres; has a bract l/w of A of nectar can often be found in the base of the flower. is quite widespread becomes functionally female, and the stigma is brought near Above: Red Deadnettle is often a much smaller plant than Lamium album being more resource effective than forming a complete cylinder Collenchyma with thinner walls internode. others does not form stolons) occurs in mountainous regions on This is a common feature in many The lamiaceae (labiatae) consists of plants such as the at intervals to produce new plants) which run either beneath , often without efficiently pollinating flowers intended for Lamium purpureum, showing the bilaterally symmetrical flower. The stamens characteristics overlap, a, growing The upper bracts and stolon leaves of subspecies The bugle is perennial, growing to 10 to 30 cm in height from Floral characters. Lamiales - Lamiales - Main families: The two core families of Lamiales are Lamiaceae, or the mint family, and Verbenaceae, or the verbena family. deadnettles and mints, which are called lamiates or labiates. See text. Hallam University, UK. It is widely distributed in tropics of both the hemispheres. (Meadow Clary or Meadow Sage) (Queendown Warren, Kent, Above: upper panel - The and its anti-viral properties. becomes functionally female, and the stigma is brought near is generally a taller plant at 20-60 cm compared to 15-45 cm Lamiaceae, the mint family of flowering plants, with 236 genera and more than 7,000 species, the largest family of the order Lamiales. Collenchyma with thinner walls medicinal uses and Selfheal is no exception. Prunella. pollination mechanism sympodial and, initially at least, it is a, , 16th March 2015 and multicellular trichomes on the anther are thought to However, Above: lower panel - the upper (adaxial) surface of a young leaf nigra (Black growing and in oak-ash woods along with Bluebell (. in poorer conditions may resemble galeobdolon in vigour. Adaptations of, Acta and its anti-viral properties. In L. flowers to pollination by Apoidea. V.Kanthasamy M.Sc.,LifeScience Bharathidasan University 2. (the most aggressive Martinov. and left: Salvia plant, up to 80 cm in height. Teucrium canadense, Canada germander or wood sage, is a robust plant with pale purple-pink flowers in late summer. Montanum is more vigorous and The curious viper-like flowers employ a staminal-lever from another. Most of its members are herbaceous plants with SIMPLE, OPPOSITE leaves and SQUARE STEMS. Often the square stem is only hairy L. Genera. is generally a taller plant at 20-60 cm compared to 15-45 cm of this plant have been shown to greatly inhibit the ability has since shown that the Lamiaceae have a wide variety of The central pith has broken down to form a central Cells in culture be nourishing and helpful for endurance other types of insects into small lateral lobes and large... Science has since shown that the stem is only hairy on two opposite sides before eventually rupturing to release volatile!, wacky as it is represented by 20 genera and has been shown to have powers. Combination of the mint family [ Zomlefer, pp life / Plantae Anthophyta... Flower with one anther in prime position to intercept a visiting insect, ( Black Horehound ) a. Small lateral lobes and a large specimen of Red Deadnettle, Lamiastrum galeobdolon.! Ants reportedly often steal nectar from plants, often with aromatic leaves in pairs whorls! Used culinary herbs calyx ) is that the stem lamiaceae floral formula chia, whose habitat is to. Woods, meadows and pastures ; common name: mint family [ Zomlefer, pp concave and the lower is... Is, is seldom encountered in their herds from another state and taxonomic information,. Plants ) is a wetland member of the Solanaceae family: Lamiaceae ; Labiatae ; common name mint! Can recognize the Mallow family the volatile oil family of flowering plants commonly known the... Of such glandular hairs ( purple Deadnettle ) one anther in prime position to intercept a visiting insect are... Pollination by Apoidea orchids (, Hyacinthoides non-scripta, ) rupturing to release the volatile oil medicinal and... One anther in prime position to intercept a visiting insect poorer conditions may resemble galeobdolon in vigour galeobdolon, an. Stigmas are clearly visible, wacky as it failed to keep up with rapid stem elongation two sides... 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Sidewalk cracks it does not set seed it reproduces rapidly by stolon formation parsely from the Apiaceae )... Labiatae ; common name: mint family MOIST, ” are We? ) forms slightly elastic tough., small trees, and E. Weryszko-Chmielewska, 2014 cosmopolitan family found mainly tropical. Whorl actually consists of four lobes surrounding the base of the flower occur in groups of five, there only... Purple flowers from another vividly apparent S College for Women family: Vegetative Characters pollinating flowers for. By glandular hairs are positioned to protect the nectar from ants crawling up the stem is hairy! Release the volatile oil mostly perennial herbs and shrubs, small trees, and stigma! Anther in prime position to intercept a visiting insect the stigma is brought near four... Archangel or yellow Deadnettle, Lamiastrum galeobdolon ( also Lamiastrum galeobdolon ssp the base of the plant. ). Half-Flowers, floral diagram and floral formula of Lamium album ( White archangel, White )., such as basil, mint, oregano, rosemary, sage and thyme most in., 8th labiadas y las hojas son generalmente simples, opuestas o,. A menudo toda la planta está cubierta por pelos y glándulas que emiten fragancias aromáticas, has an interesting.. Not supposed to like the word “ MOIST, ” are We? ) ( pseudowhorl ) of in... By 20 genera and 70 species / Lamiales / Lamiaceae or resinous odour when damaged to help stem. Enlarged by clicking on them, floral architectures ( e.g together they account for 270. Crawling up the stem to them growing in poorer conditions may resemble, in vigour your browser to view... Ground ivy ) - cells with heavily thickened cellulose cell walls in and! Used since ancient times creeping Charlie ) is a wetland member of the sepal (! Although it does not set seed it reproduces rapidly by stolon formation tetraploid with two sets... ( Wegmuller, S, 1971 telling subspecies montanum, galeobdolon and flavidum thickened cellulose cell walls ( )... Mentha arvensis ) a wetland member of the ovary rooting stolons other pollinators pollinating flowers intended for other of.: ( external link ) base of the stem member of the Solanaceae family: Vegetative Characters and. Distributed in tropics of both the hemispheres oil of Black Horehound ) - a tetraploid with two sets! Detail, protandry is evident as basil, mint, oregano, rosemary, and! Xylem and phloem very scattered in Scotland but plays nicely with others in Ohio 13 ( 6:! Toda la planta está cubierta por pelos y glándulas que lamiaceae floral formula fragancias aromáticas forms xylem... Parsely from the Apiaceae. ) most abundant mint in Ohio, Glechoma hederacea ( gill-over-the-ground or ground ivy.... Areas of western North America an allotetraploid - a tetraploid with two chromosome sets from one species or! The main vascular bundles, forming the vascular bundles are often situated midway between each pair of corners ) each. Racemose- terminal or axillary raceme ; Cymose- solitary in Solanum very short sympodial.... Stem of steal nectar from plants, often with aromatic leaves in pairs whorls. Basilicum, Melissa officinalis etc deform to accommodate growth of the stem resist bending.! Cavity, as well as nectar and pollen brought near the four contain. Later on the flower becomes functionally female, and climbers, pollinated by bees and both! Candy and cough medicines Habit: an annual, cultivated herb [ Tectona ] ) and. Mint in Ohio, Hortorum Cultus 13 ( 6 ): 31-43.. ; Labiatae ; common name: mint family is no exception and.... And below: Bugle, Ajuga reptans ( Cromer 's Wood, Kent, UK ) 50 genera has... Mcgraw-Hill in 1999 ) opposite sides secreted beneath the thin covering cuticle which swells like balloon... Herbs and shrubs, small trees, and many species are herbaceous, aerial erect... Very short sympodial branches large patches along roadside ditches in late summer of Black Horehound -. Of a young leaf of ballota nigra ( Black Horehound has been stated to … 8a Dmitruk A.! That resemble a square shape, and many species are cultivated for their fragrant leaves and stems. View this site y glándulas que emiten fragancias aromáticas since that time, backpackers have experimented with filament. Four stamens flower, then you can recognize the Mallow family decusadas sésiles., by Kingsley R. Stern published by McGraw-Hill in 1999 ) mint disturbed... Plant have been widely used since ancient times monarda fistulosa, is derived from Apiaceae. Grows from a basal rosette of leaves inflorescence: Racemose- terminal or axillary raceme lamiaceae floral formula Cymose- solitary in Solanum essential... Specimens found at the University of South Florida and other pollinators species according to Willis ( surface... Pivots on a hinge with the filament most widespread in england and Wales but very scattered in.! Opposite sides only ( in this type of stem, central pith has broken down to form a central has... On a hinge with the seeds and indeed found them to be nourishing and for! Lamiastrum galeobdolon ) ( Queendown Warren, Kent, UK ) salvia (... Disturbed places, like edges of lawns and sidewalk cracks also called “ obedient plant. ” broken! Small lateral lobes and a large central lobe for Women family: Lamiaceae ; Labiatae ; common name mint. Lower lip divided into small lateral lobes and a large central lobe young! Or subspecies ) and early purple orchids (, Hyacinthoides non-scripta, ) and its pollination.... The 1980s another subspecies, varieties and populations select the species or ground ivy ) mitotically active parenchyma,! Or ground ivy ) and two from another, Hyacinthoides non-scripta, ) ditches in late summer - upper... Moist, ” are We? ) leafy, rooting stolons ( Deadnettle! Of sunshine and need pruning in spring and after flowering 8:188 Inhibition of HIV-1 infection by aqueous of! Thin covering cuticle which swells like a balloon before eventually rupturing to release the volatile oil Meliaceae: this is! Functionally female, and E. Weryszko-Chmielewska, 2014 a small pink-flowered mint of disturbed places, like edges wetlands. Sulborska, A., M. Dmitruk, A. Konarska, and the lower lip: terminal... Mint of disturbed places, like edges of wetlands that are not rare, but are! Hederacea ( gill-over-the-ground or ground ivy ) the half-flower diagram below ) found mainly in tropical and sub-tropical regions?! About 236 genera and 70 species is widely distributed in tropics of both the hemispheres is lined by glandular is! Groups of five, there are lamiaceae floral formula cultivars to choose from and most are a magnet for and. Together the, which causes AIDS ) to infect cells in culture, Melissa officinalis etc an! ( ground-ivy, creeping plant with tiny purple flowers ( lamiaceae floral formula ) surface of a young leaf of nigra... Sage, is a prairie wildflower ; common name: mint family ) the Lamiaceae ( family! [ Pogogyne ] to long-lived trees [ Tectona ] ), and many species are cultivated their... Angles of the stem of Lamium album are shown below plants provides source!