The scientific name of sugarcane is Saccharum officinarum. Sugarcane red rot. It is native to the warm tem… Hardy sugarcane species: S.ravennae: Italian sugarcane, Ravenna grass, Plume grass: Temperate – tropical Asia: It is tertiary genetic relative of sugarcane. Sugarcane, (Saccharum officinarum), perennial grass of the family Poaceae, primarily cultivated for its juice from which sugar is processed. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. List of Major pest of Rice, Sugarcane, Jute and Cotton with their Common name, Scientific Name, Family, Order and Status What is the scientific name for sugarcane? The disease is caused by an oomycete or water mould, not a fungus. Wingspan is approximately 15 mm. The ideal soil is a mixture of sand, silt, and clay particles, with a measure of organic material. Sugarcane or sugar cane (scientific name Saccharum officinarum) is a perennial plant with origins in the tropical Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.. Sugarcane is neither a fruit or a vegetable. As sugarcane is a long duration crop (10 months to 15 months, this duration varies from variety to variety) and one can take multiple harvests from the … Indian Phytopathology, 18:191-203. Sugar cane is the source of much of the worlds sugar. Sugarcane whitefly. The forewings are bright yellow with purple-brown elongate blotches at the front and rear margins. ... Sugarcane, bamboo, and several sorghum and grass species. Sugarcane ( Scientific cultivation of sugarcane crop) 1. Saccharum officinarum - Sugarcane, Sugar Cane, Ko - Hawaiian Plants and Tropical Flowers. It is originally cultivated in Guangzhou, China where it is still commonly grown. common name: sugarcane grub scientific name: Tomarus subtropicus Blatchley (Insecta: Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) Introduction - Distribution - Description - Life Cycle - Host Range - Damage - Natural Enemies - Management - Selected References Introduction (Back to Top). Symptoms & Life Cycle. Secondary School. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae ... Saccharum L. – sugarcane Species: Saccharum officinarum L. – sugarcane Subordinate Taxa. Sugarcane downy mildew. English: red smut of sugarcane Common Name. Scientific Name: Aleurolobus barodensis. Seed cane is spaced 1.4 to 1.8 metres (4.5 to 6 feet) apart at densities 10,000 to 25,000 per hectare (4,000 to 10,000 per acre). The symptoms (mosaic and/or necrosis) are observed on the leaves and sometimes the stems. The lowest temperature for good cane-plant growth is about 20 °C (68 °F). The plant crop is obtained from these stools. The common name of any plant can differ region to region. The sections of the stalk of immature cane used for planting are known as seed cane, or cane sets, and have two or more buds (eyes), usually three. Terminal (leaf) node. Dermolepida albohirtum, the cane beetle, is a native Australian beetle and a parasite of sugarcane.Adult beetles eat the leaves of sugarcane, but greater damage is done by their larvae hatching underground and eating the roots, which either kills or stunts the growth of the plant. Scientific Name. Process and products. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Glomerella tucumanensis; different strains are reported that vary in their ability to cause disease.The fungus is also known as Colletotrichum fulcatum; this produces spores without going through a sexual process.. Distribution. Sugarcane borer also occurs throughout the Caribbean, Central America, and the warmer portions of South America south to northern Argentina. wild cane. The plant's Family is Poaceae. Indian Journal of Sugarcane Research Development, 8:275-276. 1.Early Shoot Borer Scientific Name: Chilo infuscatellus. Symptoms & Life Cycle. This plant is called गन्ना in Hindi, Saccharum in Greek, Cana-de-açúcar in Portuguese and Saccharum in Polish. International Common Names. Explore Sugarcane Information in detail along with its common name and scientific name. Scientific Name. Saccharum officinarum Saccharum officinarum growing in Mozambique Harvesting sugarcane by hand Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Monocots Clade: Commelinids Order: Poales Family: Poaceae Subfamily: Panicoideae Genus: Saccharum Species: S. officinarum Binomial name Saccharum officinarum L. Saccharum officinarum is a large, strong-growing species of grass in the genus Saccharum. Scientific name: Saccharum officinarum L. Bangla/ Local names: Aakh, Ikkhu, Gendari, Hussel, Kajuli, Kusa, Kushiar. Int. In the tropics. The most notable member of which is the Uba variety of cane. Former Professor of Food Manufacture, Showa Women's University, Tokyo. The scientific name for sugarcane is Saccharum. Victoria J; Moreno C; Cassalett C, 1996. Preferred Scientific Name; Saccharum officinarum Preferred Common Name; sugarcane Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Monocotyledonae; Uses List; Beverage base; … The common name of this plant in Spanish is Saccharum. Peronosclerospora sacchari. It is common in tropical and subtropical countries throughout the world. – sugarcane plumegrass. Legal Status. ... Return to Sugarcane pests Return to Top Life Cycle and Biology. Saccharum spontaneum. It is a more primitive form of sugarcane with a hybrid origin from wild species of cane. Common Name: Sugarcane borer Scientific Name: Diatraea sacchari (Zehntner) Order: Lepidoptera Description: Full grown caterpillars are about 1 inch long, white to yellow with rich brown head capsules and first thoracic segment. 2.1 sugarcane means the plant with the scientific name of Saccharum spp., Family Gramineae. Other names. Distribution. 1 Questions & Answers Place. wild sugarcane This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … Biology. Sugarcane molasses is a viscous, dark and sugar-rich by-product of sugar extraction from the sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.). Name Sugarcane; Scientific Name: Saccharum officinarum: Native: Sugarcane is originated in Southeast Asia and is also cultivated in tropical as well as subtropical countries worldwide for producing sugar. Management. Genotype-environment interaction and its effect on sugarcane rust incidence. ahlek. The fungus is also known as Colletotrichum fulcatum; this produces spores without going through a sexual process. Arx & E. Müll. Host Range – Pearl Millet, Oat, Barley & Maize. The official classification of sugarcane is Saccharum officinarum, and it belongs to the family Gramineae. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Native. Name Sugarcane; Scientific Name: Saccharum officinarum: Native: Sugarcane is originated in Southeast Asia and is also cultivated in tropical as well as subtropical countries worldwide for producing sugar. Proc. Widespread. Sugarcane Insect Pest. Saccharum canaliculatum Roxb. This food plant and Polynesian canoe plant is native to the islands of the South Pacific and New Guinea. Adults are pale pink in color. Furthermore in Punjabi it is called ganna or kamad. Cane sugar is obtained by successive evaporation, cristallization and centrifugation. red rot of sugarcane; Other Scientific Names. Sugarcane is propagated primarily by the planting of cuttings. 6. Symptoms & Life Cycle. When precipitation is deficient, irrigation, either by spraying or by applying water in furrows, can make up for the deficiency. Common Name: Sugarcane borer Scientific Name: Diatraea sacchari (Zehntner) Order: Lepidoptera Description: Full grown caterpillars are about 1 inch long, white to yellow with rich brown head capsules and first thoracic segment. Seed cane is planted in well-worked fields. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. The official classification of sugarcane is Saccharum officinarum, and it belongs to the family Gramineae. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? It apparently was introduced into Louisiana about 1855, and has since spread to the other Gulf Coast States. Sugar Cane Technol., 19:411-419. This article treats the cultivation of the sugarcane plant. Current Science, 40:42-43. Studies on sugarcane rust in India. The yield of ratoon crops decreases after each cycle, and at the end of the last economical cycle all stumps are plowed out and the field is replanted. 1965, Kindler and Dalrymple 1999). Other sugarcane products include molasses, rum, and cachaça (a Brazilian alcohol), and the plant itself can be used as thatch and as livestock fodder. Neomaskellia bergii. Prunus amygdalus) is a species of tree native to Iran and surrounding countries but widely cultivated elsewhere. Answer:Saccharum officinarum is the scientific name of sugarcane 1. Each body segment is marked with round brown to black spots. The sugarcane borer, Diatraea saccharalis (Fabricius), is native to the western hemisphere, but not to the United States. New … 2.2 sugarcane for processing means sugarcane delivered to the mill as raw material for sugar processing. Sugarcane is the common name of a species of herb belonging to the grass family. The list of major (that cause economic damage to this crop) insects pests of sugarcane are given below, 1. Log in. Scientific Name. The sugarcane plant produces a number of stalks that reach 3 to 7 metres (10 to 24 feet) high and bear long sword-shaped leaves. Common Name of Sugarcane in Other Languages. Preferred Scientific Name. Sathe AV, 1971. Saccharum spontaneum L. Preferred Common Name. Sometimes the whole plant is stunted. U.S. Weed Information. Join now. The ratooning process is usually repeated three times so that three economical crops are taken from one original planting. The growth period for cane crops varies considerably according to the region: 8–9 months in Louisiana, U.S.; 15 months in Australia and Taiwan; 18–22 months in Hawaii, South Africa, and Peru. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Description of adult : The adult is a small (10 mm long and 2 mm wide) brightly coloured moth with elongate bright yellow antennae. It is common in tropical and subtropical countries throughout the world. 1 Questions & Answers Place. Class A noxious weed. The almond (Prunus dulcis, syn. Optimum amounts of fertilizers (nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium) vary greatly with soil types, climatic conditions, and the kind and length of the growing cycle. The plant is also grown for biofuel production, especially in Brazil, as the canes can be used directly to produce ethyl alcohol (ethanol). If you want to know what a plant is called in Hindi, Greek, Portuguese or Polish, you are at the right place. Worldwide. One can create a huge income via growing sugarcane with suitable techniques and technology. No. Sugarcane also has some lower classifications including Saccharum arundinaceum, Saccharum edule, Saccharum spontaneum, and Saccharum barberi. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Sugarcane, (Saccharum officinarum), perennial grass of the family Poaceae, primarily cultivated for its juice from which sugar is processed. Chilo zonellus (Swinhoe, 1884) Argyria lutulentalis Tams, 1932 Crambus zonellus . Because seeds from a single sugarcane flower differ genetically, pieces of sugarcane stalk are planted, rather than seeds, to produce new plants that are genetically identical to the parent plant. grey sugarcane mealybug; Other Scientific Names. Scientific Name: Saccharum ... Sugarcane mosaic potyvirus (also called mosaic of abaca) (SCMV) It causes systemic infection of the sugarcane plant: the whole plant, including roots, contains virus. A number of clones exists that are often included in the S. officinarumspecies as the Pansahi group. Cane sugar is obtained by successive evaporation, cristallization and centrifugation. Sugarcane is the main source of sugar in India and holds prominent position as a cash crop India has the largest area under sugarcane in the world and also ranks first in sugar production Sugar juice is used for making while sugar brown … Dactylopius sacchari Ckll. Preferred Scientific Name. About 527 working sugar factories with total installed annual sugar production capacity of about 242 lakh tonnes are located in the country during 2010-11. Common Name. Asia, Africa, Oceania. Species. Top borer of sugarcane The scientific name of top borer of sugarcane is Scirpophaga novella (Fabricius) with family Pyralidae and belonging to order Lepideoptera. And Biology “ Saccharum officinarum L. ) name ; Kingdom: Plantae... Saccharum L. – sugarcane Subordinate Taxa differ. Detail along with its common name of sugarcane sugarcane in Spanish rate of carbohydrate yield compared Cassava... Also be found in the country during 2010-11 or cultivation and earn millions of this tree different are. 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