Mule Deer History. However, predator-prey dynamics are complex and the effect on prey populations is often an interaction of predator life history, climate, prey density, and hahitat quality. In today’s age, one might think we have a handle on the predator-prey relationship of the mule deer and their many enemies. Some biologists estimate that a mule deer’s sense of smell is up to 1,000 times stronger than a human’s. However, Formidable Prey – A healthy adult mule deer is a tough adversary. Mule Deer vs. the predator, What happening? Its basic biology, a predator that kills and eats its prey impacts that animal and may to some extent impact the population of an area. Mule deer are prey for many large predators of western North America. 3. As an obligate carnivore, meat is a necessity for its diet. Habitat of the Mule Deer While there are many predators working against mule deer, their age-old enemies of the coyote, bobcat, mountain lion and wolf have mule deer on guard from the moment they’re born. Mule deer browse in shrubby areas. A growing population of people, predators and the often harsh elements took huge numbers of the animals. This species’ most common predators are cougars, coyotes, and gray wolves. A Little History. Drought, habitat degradation, reproduction, water distribution, and predator density are factors affecting mule deer … The cougar is a generalist predator, one that will eat any animal it catches – whether it’s big or small. A new state amendment gives Utah wildlife managers broader control over killing black bear, mountain lions and other predators to save Mule Deer. Mule deer populations are calculated by Texas Parks and Wildlife biologists through 945 miles of aerial transects and 393 miles of spotlight surveys. They’ll go head-to-head during the pre-rut and the rut. Do mule deer have a good sense of smell? Canines are a big problem for deer due to the fact that so many of them are found in the same types of environments. Deer are often the victims of various types of predator out there in the wild. As the other food sources for those canines become scarce, it is more and more common for them to go after deer. The effect of predator removal on ungulate and, more specifically, mule deer {Odocoileus hemionus) populations has not heen adequately investigated at a management Jaguar Mule deer bucks can be called in much like whitetails.The two species share a common ancestry, so despite varying appearances they speak the same language. In the western U.S. and Canada, those predators are primarily mountain lions, coyotes, and bobcats, although black bears, wolves, grizzly bears, and feral dogs will also take mule deer. As such, it favors munching on various deer species, such as the white-tailed deer, mule deer, elk, even the moose. Black. Posted August 2, 2011 by manager. Factors affecting mule deer populations. Predators can have a limiting or regulating e˚ect on mule deer populations. Some thoughts on the delicated predator prey relationship. By Todd A. The first Estes Valley settlers in the early 1860's found a moderately abundant mule deer numbers. Rattle Their Cage: Mule deer enjoy a good fight as much as any whitetail. NPS. Mule deer can detect slight predator movement up to 600 meters away, but they are not very good at detecting motionless forms. Predators rarely attempt to attack adult deer, but prefer to hunt old, young, or sick animals. Predator out there in the same types of environments of aerial transects and miles... A new state amendment gives Utah Wildlife managers broader control over killing black bear, mountain lions and predators... 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