Japan's largest platform for academic e-journals: J-STAGE is a full text database for reviewed academic papers published by Japanese societies Eight of the ten restriction endonucleases used had 16 to over 30 restriction sites per genome and were informative. Front Plant Sci. It is reported to be an allotetraploid with a chromosome number 2n = 4x = 36, and diploid species E. indica, with chromosome number 2n = 2x = 18, is considered to be one of its genome donors. Multiple hybrid de novo genome assembly of finger millet, an orphan allotetraploid crop. So far, five genomes, namely foxtail millet, finger millet, proso millet, teff, and Japanese barnyard millet, have been sequenced, and genome of foxtail millet is the smallest (423-510 Mb) while the largest one is finger millet (1.5 Gb). Finger Millet Of the 16 genotypes of finger millet evaluated for their grain yield and other agronomic traits, three genotypes E&M5 (4.61kg/plot), E&M10 (4.08kg/plot) and E&M7 (4.04 kg/plot) recorded highest grain yield. Polyphenols of finger millet (Eleusine coracana) (Fig. As a result it has four sets of chromosomes and almost twice as many genes as its original species. 1975 Apr 17;254(5501):595-7 With subsistence agriculture practiced by majority of small holder farmers, yield gaps are high and poor soils, amongst other constraints add to the difficulties for sustainable farming and incomes. Finger millet chromosome base number, x = 9 and is an allotetraploid (AABB) (2n = 4x = 36). among these crops.9 Comparative maps of finger millet and rice demonstrated that other than the rearrangements that are necessary to account for the difference in the chromosome number between these 2 genomes, the finger millet genome has remained highly conserved as its divergence from a com- chromosome number. 1992 Apr;83(6-7):895-902. doi: 10.1007/BF00226713. and central Africa. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Finger millet, Elusine coracana (L.) Gaertn is a self-pollinated cereal crop belonging to the family Poaceae and subfamily Cloridoideae. A systematic analysis of Pennisetum species has shown their cytological variability for basic chromosome number (x = 5, 7, 8, and 9), ploidy level, and chromosome size. Eleusine tristachya was included since it is the only other annual diploid species in the genus with a basic chromosome number of x = 9 like finger millet. Niacin is important to maintaining the health of your skin, blood, and organs. In addition, the fodder and stover is fed to millions of animals providing milk and meat for man. The species are annual as well as perennial and all are wild except E. coracana, which is cultivated for grain and fodder in Africa and the Indian subcontinent.E. x��=]�ܶ����K�f��� ��*ٱ]rb�b)y��@���5�Y�r��=�o�� @�$8P���\^�p�F�����>q�w7ݦ�~���/����m���q����~w<�/��e��ۧO�-�6{{��� Finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L) Gaertn.) millet, finger millet, teff and African rice. Gene Discovery and Advances in Finger Millet [. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. 3 0 obj endobj Ribosomal DNA variation in finger millet and wild species of Eleusine (Poaceae). Planta. ), is a cereal crop serving as a staple food for millions of poor people living on the most marginal agricultural lands of Africa and Indian subcontinent. Antony Ceasar S, Maharajan T, Ajeesh Krishna TP, Ramakrishnan M, Victor Roch G, Satish L, Ignacimuthu S. Front Plant Sci.  |  It is a self-pollinating allotetraploid (AABB) with chromosome number 2n=4x=36, and genome size of 1593 Mbp. Finger millet seeds can resist storage pests for as long as 10 years, ensuring round the year food supply or even during a crop failure, that has earned it the popular name of ‘famine crop’ (Mgonja et al., 2007). Polyphenols of finger millet (Eleusine coracana) (Fig. Millet is a versatile ingredient that makes a good rice replacement when cooked whole. Agriculture is the ‘engine for growth’ in Africa. Comparisons of the map with the rice and sorghum genome sequences revealed 50 inversions and translocations; 2, 8, and 40 were assigned respectively to the rice, sorghum, and Ae. 1983 May;104(1):155-71 Finger millet (2n = 4x = 36), subsp. Finger millet is affected by a variety of diseases of which blast caused by Pyriculariagrisea is the major problem. Pearl millet (family: Poaceae, subfamily: Panicoideae) is a multi-purpose cereal crop which provides food, fodder and fuel on more than 27 million hectares worldwide (Jalaja et al., 2016). 1976a). coracana, belongs to the family Poaceae, genus Eleusine in the tribe Eragrostideae. Finger millet (Eleusine corocana subsp. Among the millet crops finger millet ranked fourth after the pearl millet, foxtail millet and proso millet. Eleusine tristachya was included since it is the only other annual diploid species in the genus with a basic chromosome number of x = 9 like finger millet. T\6��>o���=���(W��%�����b�ȼ ��h�kڔA�? endobj T��e. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. It is an allotetraploid with chromosome number of 2n=4x=36 (Khidir and Wet, 1976). africana as the progenitor of domesticated finger millet. It is a self-pollinating allotetra-ploid (AABB) with basic chromosome number of 9 (2n = 4x = 36). The crop is grown mainly by subsis- <> The initial genome assembly of finger millet (1593 Mbp; chromosome no. Zhang H, Hall N, Goertzen LR, Chen CY, Peatman E, Patel J, McElroy JS. 2 0 obj Comparisons of the map with the rice and sorghum genome sequences revealed 50 inversions and translocations; 2, 8, and 40 were assigned respectively to the rice, sorghum, and Ae. %���� E. coracanais an allotetraploid species and is based on the basic chromosome number of 9 (2n 4x 36) with a prob- Argu- ments regarding the evolution of this cereal have long prevailed. It is a self-pollinating allotetra-ploid (AABB) with basic chromosome number of 9 (2n = 4x = 36). Finger millet is the main food grain for many peoples, especially in dry areas of India, Nepal and Sri Lanka[269, 272]. 2019 Sep;250(3):731-751. doi: 10.1007/s00425-019-03159-6. Eight of the ten restriction endonucleases used had 16 to over 30 restriction sites per genome and were informative. The QTL for neck blast was associated with the genomic SSR marker UGEP18 which was linked at a P value of 0.01 and explained 11% of phenotypic variance. coracana and subsp. Eight of the ten restriction endonucleases used had 16 to over 30 restriction sites per genome and were informative. Finger millet is very adaptable to a wide range of environmental and climatic conditions, thrives at higher elevations than most other tropical cereals and tolerates salinity better than most cereals. Theor Appl Genet. with chromosome number 2 n =4 x = 36 and evolved ... Finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.) 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