7. [53] In the 8th century, it started benefiting from its commercially strategic position in the Persian Gulf and went on to become a centre of pearl trading. ", "Qatar, China enjoy strong ties based on respect", "Commentary: Isolated Qatar pivots towards China, as its ties with Gulf states wane", "Qatar relies on US base amid Gulf tensions", "For Qatar, relations with West are a balancing act", "Taking Outsize Role in Syria, Qatar Funnels Arms to Rebels", "Qatar and Saudi Arabia sign defense agreement", "Qatar recognizes Libyan rebels after oil deal", "Qatar's Support of Islamists Alienates Allies Near and Far", "GCC's 2014 Crisis: Causes, Issues and Solutions", "CIA and Saudi weapons for Syrian rebels fueled black market arms trafficking, report says", 'Army of Conquest' rebel alliance pressures Syria regime, "Turkey and Saudi Arabia alarm the West by backing Islamist extremists the Americans had bombed in Syria", "Egypt's Mohammed Morsi: A turbulent presidency cut short. [20] In terms of income, the country has the third-highest GDP (PPP) per capita in the world,[21] and the sixth-highest GNI per capita (Atlas method). Non-Muslim expatriates can obtain a permit to purchase alcohol for personal consumption. [300], Qatar hired the RAND Corporation to reform its K–12 education system. According to the study published by the Washington-based Institute of International Finance, Qatar's per capita GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) was $106,000 (QR387,000) in 2012, helping the country retain its ranking as the world's wealthiest nation. "[162] Following a peace agreement, Qatar pledged $1 billion in humanitarian aid to Gaza. [75] Despite the disapproval of local tribes, Al Thani continued supporting Ottoman rule. [304][305], In November 2002, emir Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani created The Supreme Education Council. [298] [2], Qatar also has bilateral relationships with a variety of foreign powers. With only 54.68 miles of water areas, the remaining 6780.32 square miles are made up of land. [222], In 2012, Qatar retained its title of richest country in the world (according to per capita income) for the third time in a row, having first overtaken Luxembourg in 2010. Chinese porcelain, West African coins and artefacts from Thailand have been discovered in Qatar. Egypt closed its airspace and seaports to all Qatari transportation. "[151] There is evidence that these groups supported by Qatar include the hard-line Islamic militant groups active in northern Syria. Description: This map shows where Qatar is located on the Asia map. Welcome! The law is said to restrict press freedom and carries prison sentences and fines for broad reasons such as jeopardising local peace or publishing false news. [143] According to leaked documents published in The New York Times, Qatar's record of counter-terrorism efforts was the "worst in the region". The 11th annual Doha Forum recently brought in key thinkers, professionals of various backgrounds, and political figures from all over the world to discuss democracy, media and information technology, free trade, and water security issues. In 1949, the appointment of the first British political officer in Doha, John Wilton, signifed a strengthening of Anglo-Qatari relations. [89] Trade and industry in the emirate is overseen by the Ministry of Business and Trade. For your convenience, the map below shows the location of Qatar highlighted on a larger map. Address: Souq Waqif, Al Jasra, Doha, Qatar. ", "Qatar, Unveiling Tensions, Suspends Sale of Alcohol", "Debate Questions Emir's Powers To Shape Qatar's Positioning As Sports Hub And Sponsor of Revolts – Analysis", "Alcohol ban lifted for new hotel on The Pearl-Qatar", "Qatar Bans Tourists from Wearing Leggings in Public", "Qatar Is a U.S. [188], Under the provisions of Qatar's sponsorship law, sponsors have the unilateral power to cancel workers' residency permits, deny workers' ability to change employers, report a worker as "absconded" to police authorities, and deny permission to leave the country. Qatar's media was classified as "not free" in the 2014 Freedom of the Press report by Freedom House. The contingent of expatriates which are not of South Asian origin represent around 28% of Qatar's population, of which the largest group is 260,000 Filipinos and 200,000 Egyptians, plus many other nationalities (including nationals of other Arab countries, Europeans, etc.).[19]. [266] The QMA also sponsors artistic events abroad, such as major exhibitions by Takahashi Murakami in Versailles (2010) and Damien Hirst in London (2012). [72] The negotiations were the first stage in the development of Qatar as a sheikhdom. [52], Qatar was described as a famous horse and camel breeding centre during the Umayyad period. In early 2017, Qatar's total population was 2.6 million: 313,000 Qatari citizens and 2.3 million expatriates. The presence of the large Al Udeid Air Base, operated by the United States and several other UN nations, provides a guaranteed source of defense and national security. In July 2019, Amman appointed a new ambassador to Qatar, who had been withdrawn in 2017 in support of the Gulf-Arab allies. Description: This map shows where Qatar is located on the World map. [71] [144] As of 2015[update], Qatar, Saudi Arabia and Turkey are openly backing the Army of Conquest,[152][153] an umbrella group of anti-government forces fighting in the Syrian Civil War that reportedly includes an al-Qaeda linked al-Nusra Front and another Salafi coalition known as Ahrar ash-Sham. Project highlights in this segment include the multibillion-dollar Doha Expressway and the Qatar Bahrain Causeway, which will connect Qatar to Bahrain and Saudi Arabia and is considered a milestone in regional interconnectivity. The same study published that Qatar Investment Authority (QIA), with assets of $115bn, was ranked 12th among the richest sovereign wealth funds in the world. Conan O'Brien ends late-night run after 28 years on air. [294], Though football is the most popular sport, other team sports have experienced considerable success at senior level. Countries near Qatar include Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. On 3 September 1971, those "special treaty arrangements" that were "inconsistent with full international responsibility as a sovereign and independent state" were terminated. [142] It has allowed American and British forces to use an air base to send supplies to Iraq and Afghanistan. In May 2014 DLA Piper released over 60 recommendations for reforming the kafala system including the abolition of exit visas and the introduction of a minimum wage which Qatar has pledged to implement. Qatar’s wild mammals are hard to spot, most of them being small and nocturnal. [101] This has resulted in increased Qatari economic and military ties with Turkey and Iran. A report prepared by local governors of Ottoman Empire in 1892 states that total income from pearl hunting in 1892 is 2,450,000 kran. Large natural gas reserves have, however, been located off Qatar's northeast coast. Originally, written poetry was the most common form of expression. Islamic polygyny is permitted. [54][55], Substantial development in the pearling industry around the Qatari Peninsula occurred during the Abbasid era. [84] Oil exports began in 1949, and oil revenues became the country's main source of revenue, the pearl trade having gone into decline. The legislative council will also host the 140th Inter-Parliamentary Union Assembly for the first time in April 2019. The Kingdom of Bahrain lies off the coast in the west. [35] The term 'Catara' (inhabitants, Cataraei)[36] was exclusively used until the 18th century, after which 'Katara' emerged as the most commonly recognised spelling. The country has not accepted compulsory International Court of Justice jurisdiction. Qatar is a country that is considered small. It has a population of 956,460 (2015). Map; Longitude & Latitude Poetry, particularly the predominant nabati form, retained some importance but would soon be overshadowed by other literary types. 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