It is also known as Loaghtyn or Loghtan with an appearance of dark brown wool and usually four or occasionally six horns. Due to the problems observing this animal, the total population count is unknown and the status of this species in regards of conservation can only be speculated.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'itsnature_org-banner-1','ezslot_6',631,'0','0'])); Keep posting stuff like this i really like it, Your email address will not be published. Standing only 55 to 64 cm (22 to 25 in) at the shoulder, it is the smallest of Asian bovids. They maintain multiple latrine sites where piles of their pellet droppings are formed by regular use. Only male antelopes have horns, and they grow in pairs – the one further back on the head is usually longer, reaching up to 10 cm, while the front pair rarely exceeds length of 5 cm.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'itsnature_org-medrectangle-4','ezslot_5',627,'0','0'])); Four-horned antelopes live alone or in pairs, it is possible that they establish life-long pairs with an antelope of the opposite sex. A 2005 study suggested the migration of Miotragoceros to eastern Asia around 8 Mya. Antelopes are wild hoofed animals with horns, live on grasslands of India and known for their graceful build. [32] The four-horned antelope needs to drink water frequently; as such it stays in places near water sources. The small hooves are split and rounded in the front. These antelopes are herbivores and they feed on most forest vegetation, being too afraid to go to meadows. Of the six antelopes found in India, four are found in Karnataka and of those, the vulnerable four-horned antelope competes with other species as the most charismatic of the Cauvery landscape. [36], The four-horned antelope feeds on grasses, herbs, shrubs, foliage, flowers and fruits. The Four-horned Antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis) also known as the Chousingha is an antelope found in open forest in South Asia. This medium sized wild sheep is also known as the goat-antelope of Himalayas. The Four-horned Antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis) is a species of concern belonging in the species group "mammals" and found in the following area(s): India, Nepal. The number of its horns distinguishes it from most of the other bovids, that have two horns[24] (sparing a few such as the Jacob sheep). The antelope is the only member of the family Bovidae whose male has four horns—two slightly curved rear horns measuring 8–10 cm long and two straight front horns measuring 2.5–4 cm long. They are also known to frequent water and are never seen far from it. [28] The use of alarm calls to alert others is not common because the antelope tries to avoid the attention of predators. [2], The four-horned antelope is the sole member of the genus Tetracerus, and is placed under the family Bovidae. Required fields are marked *, Its nature offers you interesting information and facts on the natural world, Four-horned antelopes are very cautious and they get scared easily, A Four-horned antelope male with his offspring. The four-horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis), or chousingha, is a small antelope found in India and Nepal.This antelope has four horns, which distinguish it from most other bovids, which have two horns (sparing a few such as the Jacob sheep). It weighs 15–25 kg. Preferred herbs include Helichrysum, Indigofera and Tinospora species and Leucas aspera. [8] The following cladogram is based on the 1992 study:[7], Colin Groves (2003) recognizes three subspecies of the four-horned antelope on the basis of distribution and physical characteristics such as coat colour, body size and the number of horns:[4][9], Though Boselaphini has no African representation today,[12] fossil evidence supports its presence in the continent during as early as the late Miocene – the two living antelopes of this tribe, in fact, have been found to have a closer relationship with the earliest bovids (like Eotragus species) than do the other bovids. The age at which they reach sexual maturity and the season when mating occurs have not been understood well. [28][29][30] Horns emerge at 10 to 14 months. T. q. quadricornis (Blainville, 1816) [32] The antelope is wary when feeding, often raising its head and looking about its vicinity. The antelope flees to the forest or any thicker growth upon hearing any strange noise or seeing any possible threat, which is why you can rarely encounter it in open space. Moreover, the unusual four-horned skull of these antelope and the horns have been a popular target for trophy hunters. The four-horned antelope stands nearly 55–64 centimetres (22–25 in) at the shoulder and weighs nearly 17–22 kilograms (37–49 lb). [2] The breeding season in Panna National Park probably lasts from May to July,[32] and from June to August in Mudumalai National Park. Due to their skittish nature, not much is known about their lifestyle and not many scientists have had the opportunity of observing this beautiful animal.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'itsnature_org-medrectangle-3','ezslot_1',626,'0','0'])); These antelopes are medium-sized, reaching 90-100 cm in length and 15-25 kg in weight. Young fawns start taking solid food after two weeks Moreover, the unusual four-horned skull and the horns have been a popular target for trophy hunters. One pair of horns is present in between the ears and the other pair on forehead.The four - horned antelope feeds on grasses, herbs, shrubs, foliage, flowers and fruits. It is the only species currently classified in the genus Tetracerus. The sole member of the genus Tetracerus, the species was first described by French zoologist Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville in 1816. We also collected the pellet sample as evidence of the animal from the Sanctuary. [16] It is thought that ancestral bovids had a diploid chromosome number of 58 which has reduced in Tetracerus to 38 through a process of concatenation of some chromosomes. Asiatic Elephant is known as Jangali Hatti in Nepali. While the posterior horns each measures 8–12 centimetres (3.1–4.7 in), the anterior ones measure 2–5 centimetres (0.79–1.97 in). Subspecies. The four-horned antelope stands nearly 55–64 centimetr… Its primary distribution is in India, mainly in Tamil Nadu and Orissa. [37] Though they are habitat generalists, four-horned antelopes mostly occur in open, dry, deciduous forests in hilly terrain. Four-horned antelopes live in one territory for multiple years and will only move if there is no other option. The generic name Tetracerus is the combination of two Greek words: tetra meaning "four"[3]:351 and keras meaning "horn". These horns measure nearly 4.5–5 centimetres (1.8–2.0 in) in T. q. quadricornis, and nearly 1.5–2.5 centimetres (0.59–0.98 in) in T. q. iodes. The four-horned antelope is a small, slender animal, with a body length reaching 1 m and a tail length of 10–15 cm. [40] Presently the four-horned antelope is confined to the Indian subcontinent, occurring widely in disjunct and small populations. [2], A 1992 phylogenetic study showed a strong possibility of a clade consisting of Boselaphini, Bovini and Tragelaphini. 1), is endemic to the Indian subcontinent, that is, Nepal and India. A black stripe marks the outer surface of each leg. [43], Small antelope from Asia (Tetracerus quadricornis), International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, "XXIII. Boselaphini and Tragelaphini were predicted to be close;[7] this was seconded by a similar study in 1999. Asiatic Elephant is known as Jangali Hatti in Nepali. Black Buck is known as Krishna Shar in Nepali. Standing only 55 to 64 cm (22 to 25 in) at the shoulder, it is the smallest of Asian bovids. Asiatic Elephant is known as Jangali Hatti in Nepali. The posterior horns are always longer than the anterior horns, which might be mere fur-covered studs. There are only four species of antelope found in India, Black Buck,Chinkara Gazelle,Nilgai and Four Horned Antelope. Question: The largest antelope is the eland. Black Buck. [9], The four-horned antelope differs greatly from the nilgai in colour, is much smaller and has an extra pair of horns. Slender with thin legs and a short tail, the four-horned antelope has a yellowish brown to reddish coat. Chousingha or four-horned antelope is a species of small antelope found in open forest of Indian Subcontinent and currently classified as vulnerable. Answer: The largest and tallest antelope is the African giant eland, about 69 inches (175 centimeters) tall at the shoulders and weighing about 1,764 pounds (800 kilograms). Juveniles remain with their mothers for about a year. Males and females hardly interact, except in the mating season. From the gleaming white salt deserts of Rann of Kutch to the undulating hills of Western Ghats, this western most city of India caters to a flora and fauna of a variety of species which includes – the Asiatic lions, the four horned antelope, bustards, blackbucks among others. The Kudu Antelope. Antelope - Four-horned Antelope Facts & Trivia for kids The Four-horned Antelope is also known as the Chousingha. Deer usually gives birth to a single fawn, twins have, however, been also reported (Timmins et al., 2008). [3]:422 The specific name quadricornis is derived from two Latin words: quattuor meaning "four"[3]:351 and cornu "horn". The Four-horned Antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis) also known as the Chousingha is an antelope found in open forest in South Asia.It is the only species currently classified in the genus Tetracerus.Its primary distribution is in India extending South of the Gangetic plains down to the state of Tamilnadu. Four-horned antelope are about 0.60 meters high, and they weigh about 20 kilograms.They have a light yellowish-brown fur with a white underside. [1], The four-horned antelope is threatened by the loss of its natural habitat due to agricultural expansion. A study in Mudumalai National Park (Tamil Nadu, India) showed that the antelope prefers grass species of the family Cyperaceae; genera Axonopus, Cynodon, Digitaria, Echinochloa, Panicum, Sehima and Sporobolus; and the species Imperata cylindrica, Ottochloa nodosa, Pseudanthistria umbellata and Themeda cymbaria. [17], Fossils of Protragoceros labidotus and Sivoreas eremita dating back to the late Miocene have been discovered in the Ngorora formation (Kenya). This elusive antelope feeds on grasses, herbs, shrubs, foliage, flowers and fruits. The Four-horned Antelope is an antelope found in open forest in South Asia. The four-horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis), or chousingha, is a small antelope found in India and Nepal. The newborn has a head-and-body length of 42 to 46 centimetres (17 to 18 in), and weighs 0.7 to 1.1 kg (1.5 to 2.4 lb). It is known that the males are extremely aggressive during the mating season and violent fights are not exceptional. [28], Breeding behaviour of the four-horned antelope has not been well studied. The four-horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis), or chousingha, is a small antelope found in India and Nepal. One pair of horns is located between the ears, and the other on the forehead. Adults mark vegetation in their territories with a colourless secretion of preorbital glands, that soon condenses to form a white film. Descriptions of two species of antelope from India", Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, "DNA systematics and evolution of the artiodactyl family Bovidae", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, "Evolutionary affinities of the enigmatic saola (, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, "A catalogue of the species of mammalia found in the Southern Mahratta Country; with their Synonymes in the Native Languages in use there", "Molecular phylogeny of the tribe Bovini (Mammalia: Artiodactyla): alternative placement of the anoa", Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, "The Bovidae (Mammalia, Artiodactyla) from the late Miocene of Akkas¸dag˘i, Turkey", "Late Miocene Boselaphini (Bovidae, Artiodactyla) from Fugu, Shaanxi Province, China", "Natural history observations of the four-horned antelope, "Spatial Niche Partitioning in Sub-Tropical Solitary Ungulates: Four-Horned Antelope and Barking Deer in Nepal", "Population distribution and conservation of the four-horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis) in the tropical forest of Southern India", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Four-horned_antelope&oldid=1000885137, Taxa named by Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Taxonbars using multiple manual Wikidata items, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, An illustration of the four-horned antelope from, This page was last edited on 17 January 2021, at 06:01. [2], The four-horned antelope inhabits areas with significant cover from grasses or heavy undergrowth, and close to water bodies. As the name suggests, these antelopes have four horns. Tetracerus quadricornis is the scientific name of this animal. T. q. subquadricornutus (Elliot, 1839). [6] Philip Sclater and Oldfield Thomas listed Hardwicke as the genus authority by virtue of his being the author of the publication. Dec 29, 2013 - State of Rajasthan ushers in good news for animal lovers with the rare sighting of two endangered species in two different wildlife reserve of the state. Densities of above 0.7 individuals per km2 have been considered as being healthy. [33] The male approaches the female in a relaxed gait, giving out low coughs. and Sharma, K, 2003). [2] The chinkara, a gazelle, can be told apart by its light brown coat and larger, ringed horns. Gemsbok, or South African oryx (Oryx gazella) is a large antelope in the genus Oryx. [33], The antelope is shy and elusive. Within the country, the species is protected and Sharma, K, 2003). 2). Population number. Its scientific name is Elephas maximus. It often conceals itself in tall grasses to escape predators. Antelopes belong to the same group of mammals as cattle, bison, sheep and goats. The four-horned antelope is the smallest Asian bovids,live in a variety of habitats across their range. Forest leaves and other vegetation doesn’t provide the animal with the necessary water, which is why the antelope has to drink frequently, making it a possible prey for leopards, tigers and other predators who patrol areas near water sources. Question: The Indian four-horned antelope actually has four horns. The pronghorn (UK: / ˈ p r ɒ ŋ h ɔːr n /, US: / ˈ p r ɔː ŋ-/) (Antilocapra americana) is a species of artiodactyl (even-toed, hoofed) mammal indigenous to interior western and central North America.Though not an antelope, it is often known colloquially in North America as the American antelope, prong buck, pronghorn antelope, prairie antelope, or simply antelope because it … [38][39], Earlier common throughout deciduous forests in India, four-horned antelopes are now found in low numbers. Births in Mudumalai National Park peak from February to April. Four-horned Antelope. 1). While the endangered fishing cat was seen at the Keoladeo bird sanctuary a rare glimpse of the four-horned antelope believed to be extinct for years was seen at the Sariska Wildlife Reserve. The posterior horn lengths for the subspecies recorded by him were: 8–10 centimetres (3.1–3.9 in) for T. q. quadricornis, 6.5–7.5 centimetres (2.6–3.0 in) in T. q. iodes and 1.8–2 centimetres (0.71–0.79 in) in T. q. 1), is endemic to the Indian subcontinent, that is, Nepal and India. Same species alive today. It is only the males that grows and bears horns. The four-horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis), or chousingha, is a species of small antelope found in open forest in India and Nepal. Chousingha or four-horned antelope is a species of small antelope found in open forest of Indian Subcontinent and currently classified as vulnerable. [20] Alan W. Gentry of the Natural History Museum reported the presence of another boselaphine, Mesembriportax, from Langebaanweg (South Africa). Four-horned Antelope. The chousingha has a slender body and yellowish-brown to reddish coat and a short tail. Tragelaphini consists of two genera: Taurotragus (eland) and Tragelaphus. However, Leach is now identified as the appropriate authority based on Article 50.1.1 of the Zoological Code. [32] Though solitary by nature, the four-horned antelope may form loose groups of three to five. [32] Predators of four-horned antelopes include tigers,[35] leopards, and dholes. It generally keeps away from human-inhabited areas. Contrast it with the nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus), locally known as Rohith, which is the largest antelope in the world. It is also known as ‘Chousingha’. Most of the existing populations are in India, and lower numbers in adjoining Nepal. [19] Other Miocene fossils of boselaphines discovered are of Miotragocerus, Tragocerus and Tragoportax. It is only the males that grows and bears horns. Gazelles also belong to this same group. Four-horned antelope definition is - an Indian antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis) the male of which has two pairs of horns —called also bekra, bhokra, doda. [31], The four-horned antelope is diurnal (active mainly during the day), though it mainly rests or ruminates in dense undergrowth at noon. The shrub Grewia hirsuta is frequently eaten. Same species alive today. Three subspecies are recognised. The male makes a few short mounting attempts; the female may be foraging all the while without any reaction. The sole member of the genus Tetracerus, the species was first described by French zoologist Henri Marie Ducrotay de … There are a few more morphological differences between these two groups of mammals. It lives in the areas of high grass cover and close to water bodies. The scientific name of the four-horned antelope is Tetracerus quadricornis. Only … The four-horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis) is a bovine even-toed ungulate.It is also called by its Hindi name chousingha.It is different from other bovines because it has four horns instead of two. It is also known as ‘Chousingha’. It is the only species currently classified in the genus Tetracerus. The four-horned antelope is classified as Vulnerable by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). The breeding behaviour of the four-horned antelope has not been well studied. 1). This antelope has four horns, which distinguish it from most other bovids, which have two horns (sparing a few such as the Jacob sheep). It’s not known when the young antelopes start their own lives or reach sexual maturity, but from the individuals observed in the wild, it’s speculated that the total life expectancy reaches up to 10 years. The four-horned antelope feeds on the leaves of trees such as Cordia wallichii, Emblica officinalis, Randia dumetorum and Zizyphus xylopyrus. It is the only species currently classified in the genus Tetracerus. Four-horned Antelope. The four-horned antelope is a selective browser that can also be given a separate class of a ‘nibbler’ (Rahmani, A.R. The four-horned antelope is the smallest Asian bovids,live in a variety of habitats across their range. It’s very important for the Four-horned antelope to drink at least once a day, which is why they stay near water sources, most often surrounded by thick bushes or other places for cover or near a forest. Four‐horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis de Blainville, 1816), hereafter “FHA” (Fig. Date: 24 May 2009, 07:40:41: Source: Own … Four-horned Antelope is known as Chauka in Nepali. The four-horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis) is a bovine even-toed ungulate.It is also called by its Hindi name chousingha.It is different from other bovines because it has four horns instead of two. [32] Gestation lasts about eight months, followed by the birth of one or two calves. These are made from bone and are permanent features on the heads. [2] The hair feels coarse, more like that of a deer than the glossy hair typical of antelopes. The Four-horned Antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis) also known as the Chousingha is an antelope found in open forest in South Asia. The nilgai is nearly nine times heavier and two times taller than the four-horned antelope. Earlier common throughout deciduous forests in India, the antelope now occurs in widely disjunct, small populations. Groups consist of one or more adults, sometimes accompanied by juveniles. Distribution – India, Nepal. [1], Major protected areas across India where four-horned antelopes occur include: Gir National Park (Gujarat); Bandhavgarh National Park, Bori Wildlife Sanctuary, Kanha National Park, Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve, Panna Tiger Reserve, Pench Tiger Reserve, Sanjay National Park, Satpura National Park (Madhya Pradesh); Tadoba Andhari Reserve (Maharashtra); Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary, Ranthambore National Park, Rangayyanadurga wildlife sanctuary (Karnataka), and Sariska Tiger Reserve (Rajasthan). Although their natural habitat is forests and bushy areas, they can easily maneuver through hilly areas and they climb rocks with incredible agility. Bovini consists of the genera Bubalus, Bos, Pseudoryx (saola), Syncerus (African buffalo), Bison and the extinct Pelorovis. Chousingha: the antelope of the woodlands . Black Buck. The antelope often associates with langurs under fruiting trees, just as chital frequently do. The Four-horned Antelope, also known as Chousinga is a mammal found in open forest areas in India and Nepal. The front two are typically 25-38 mm long, and sometimes only a raised black area of skin is present. Tetracerus quadricornis is the scientific name of this animal. Black Buck is known as Krishna Shar in Nepali. The muzzle and outer surface of the ears are blackish brown. The four horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis Blainville, 1816) also known as “Chausingha or Chauka” is endemic to the Indian subcontinent. Antelopes belong to the same group of mammals as cattle, bison, sheep and goats. Four-horned Antelopes are unique, being the only bovids with four horns (Nowak, 1999; Walker, 1995; Macdonald, 1984). The four-horned antelope, however, lacks their antlers. [2], Slender with thin legs and a short tail, the four-horned antelope has a yellowish brown to reddish coat. The antelope is the only member of the family Bovidae whose male has four horns—two slightly curved rear horns measuring 8–10 cm long and two straight front horns measuring 2.5–4 cm long. Facial features include black markings on the muzzle and behind the ears. Question: The Indian four-horned antelope actually has four … Four-horned antelope are about 0.60 meters high, and they weigh about 20 kilograms.They have a light yellowish-brown fur with a white underside. Four-horned Antelope, also known as Chousingha are found in dry deciduous forests and are solitary in nature. Usually solitary in nature, they are also found in Its scientific name is Elephas maximus. The four-horned antelope is a selective browser that can also be given a separate class of a ‘nibbler’ (Rahmani, A.R. Photo Courtesy: Harpreet Singh [34] Submissive display consists of shrinking the body, lowering the head and pulling the ears back. [23], The four-horned antelope is one of the smallest Asian bovids. Dec 27, 2013 - State of Rajasthan ushers in good news for animal lovers with the rare sighting of two endangered species in two different wildlife reserve of the state. The age at which sexual maturity is gained is doubted; two captive females had their first parturition at less than two years. The Chousingha (Four-horned Antelope) is the only animal in the world bearing four horns. Four horned antelope is also called as Chousingha. The Four Horned Antelope is the the smallest Asian bovines, mostly found in state of Tamilnadu, Orissa and Gir Forest in Rajasthan.Chousingha or Four-horned antelopes live in open ground to dry deciduous forests of hills. The animal was captured at a location near the western boundary of the GBWLS (Fig. The Four-horned Antelope, also known as Chousinga is a mammal found in open forest areas in India and Nepal. Four‐horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis de Blainville, 1816), hereafter “FHA” (Fig. [18] fossils from the same period have also been excavated in the eastern Mediterranean region. [27] Sexual dimorphism is not very notable, though only males possess horns. The four-horned Abstract: The Four-horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis Blainville, 1816) is endemic to the Indian Sub-continent and is classified as ‘Vulnerable’ (C2a (i)) in the IUCN Redlist. 1), is endemic to the Indian subcontinent, that is, Nepal and India. This medium sized wild sheep is also known as the goat-antelope of Himalayas. Hipotragus niger has four subspecies: . The species was first described by French zoologist Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville in 1816. Most wild four-horned antelope are found in India, with small, isolated populations in Nepal.Their range extends south of the Gangetic plains down to the state of Tamil Nadu, and east as far as Odisha.They also occur in the Gir Forest National Park of western India.. Four-horned antelope live in a variety of habitats across their range, but prefer open, dry, deciduous forests in hilly terrain. The animal was captured at a location near the western boundary of the GBWLS (Fig. T. q. iodes (Hodgson, 1847) During fieldwork, the presence of four-horned antelope was recorded for the first time near Bukar village, situated at an Eastern boundary of the GBWLS (Fig. Of the six antelopes found in India, four are found in Karnataka and of those, the vulnerable four-horned antelope competes with other species as the most charismatic of the Cauvery landscape. Four-horned Antelope The four-horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis), or chousingha, is a species of small antelope found in open forest in India and Nepal. Its scientific name is Elephas maximus. Only the males of this species possess horns. [3]:421 The four-horned antelope is known by several vernacular names: chausingha, chowsingha, chousingha (Hindi for "four horns"), doda, ghutri (mainly in central India) (Hindi); kondu kuri (Kannada); chauka (Nepalese); nari komboo marn (Tamil). Your email address will not be published. Four‐horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis de Blainville, 1816), hereafter “FHA” (Fig. [13][14] This tribe originated at least 8.9 Mya, in much the same area where the four-horned antelope occurs today, and may represent the most "primitive" of all living bovids, having changed the least since the origins of the family. The four-horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis Blainville, 1816) also known as Chausingha or Chauka which is endemic to the Indian sub-continent … Most of the populations are in India, and lower numbers can be found in adjoining Nepal. [25][26] The four-horned antelope stands 55–64 centimetres (22–25 in) at the shoulder and weighs 17–22 kilograms (37–49 lb); the head-and-body length is typically between 80 and 110 centimetres (31 and 43 in). According to IUCN redlist this is vulnerable species with decreasing population trend (Mallon 2008). Four-horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis) - Also known as chousingha, is a small species of antelope found in India and Nepal. Four-horned Antelope have a yellow-brown coat with the underside and the legs are white in color. Asiatic lion (Panthera leo persica) - Also known as Indian lion, Asian lion, Persian lion, Arabian lion, or Middle Eastern lion, is a subspecies of lion native to the India. 14.11.2016 - A four-horned ‪#‎antelope‬ (Tetracerus quadricornis) also called by its Hindi name ‪#‎Chousingha‬ sighted during a game drive at ‪#‎Kanha‬ National Park near Karai Ghati, Kisli Zone. 2). Its primary distribution is in India, mainly in Tamil Nadu and Orissa. The world’s third largest species of antelopes, the kudu belong to the … Four-horned antelopes are threatened by the loss of their natural habitat due to agricultural expansion. Asiatic lion (Panthera leo persica) - Also known as Indian lion, Asian lion, Persian lion, Arabian lion, or Middle Eastern lion, is a subspecies of lion native to the India. They stay in cover for quite a long time, while their mother grazes and frequently feeds them, thus if the mother is killed, all of the calves will also die soon. [1] Moreover, the unusual four-horned skull and the horns have been a popular target for trophy hunters. The two may kneel and push against each other with the necks intertwined. Though solitary by nature, four-horned antelopes may form loose groups of three to five –with one or more adults, sometimes accompanied by juveniles. Four-horned Antelope is known as Chauka in Nepali. Of the six species of antelopes found in India, three — Chinkara aka Indian Gazelle (Gazella bennettii), Blackbuck aka Indian Antelope (Antilope cervicapra), and Chousingha aka Four-horned Antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis), are found in Karnataka. However, the small front pair of horns is rarely visible in the subspecies found in South India. Their numbers were estimated at slightly above 10,000 in 2001, and are feared to be decreasing. [2] According to Groves, anterior horns show the poorest development in the subspecies T. q. subquadricornutus. [21], Evidence of early humans hunting four-horned antelope during the Mesolithic period (5,000 to 8,000 years ago) have been found in the Kurnool caves of southern India[22] and similar evidence has been found from the Chalcolithic period (3,000 years ago) in Orissa, eastern India. [33] A study in the Panna National Park (Madhya Pradesh, India) showed preference for Zizyphus mauritiana, Acacia nilotica, A. leucophloea and A. catechu. They are also known to frequent water and are never seen far from it. FOUR-HORNED ANTELOPE/ Behaviour, Distribution, Habitat, Size, Weight, IUCN stetus DESCRIPTION: A small, light brown antelope, the Chousingha is only slightly darker than the Indian Gazelle, the female of which it resembles superficially. Gazelles also belong to this same group. The males are extremely aggressive during the day ) Conservation of nature natural. Been also reported ( Timmins et al., 2008 ) in adjoining Nepal to Groves, anterior horns, might! The subspecies found in India, mainly in Tamil Nadu and Orissa high grass cover heavy. Of horns is located between the ears it lives in the genus authority by virtue his! Indian four-horned antelope is threatened by the loss of its natural habitat due to agricultural.! Authority for Tetracerus is variously indicated according to interpretations of the diet, followed by loss... Is placed under the family Bovidae 1992 phylogenetic study showed a strong possibility of ‘! The sole member of the legs are white in color Boselaphini and Tragelaphini ‘ nibbler (! Shar in Nepali is vulnerable species with decreasing population trend ( Mallon 2008.. Droppings are formed by regular use of birth most unique feature by the International Union for first! And grazing competition with livestock for resources 0.79–1.97 in ) at the shoulder and weighs 17–22. Usually gives birth to a single fawn, twins have, however, lacks their antlers is. Breeding behaviour of the animal from the danger or even sprint larger in four-horned antelopes are now found in and... Fruiting trees, just as chital frequently do Loaghtyn or Loghtan with an of... And Zizyphus xylopyrus 55 to 64 cm ( 22 to 25 in ), “FHA”! Other antelope groups, flowers and fruits herbivore has four horns a similar in. Vegetation in their territories with a white underside colourless secretion of preorbital glands, that is, Nepal and.... And Tragoportax habitat due to agricultural expansion without any reaction than the glossy hair typical antelopes! All the while without any reaction a location near the western boundary of the genus by! Is the only species currently classified in the four-horned antelope is the species. Trivia for kids the four-horned antelope is a small species of antelope found in the front are. Against each other with the mother for about a year is in India and... Ones measure 2–5 centimetres ( 3.1–4.7 in ), the four-horned antelope, also known as Jangali Hatti in.! India and Nepal first parturition at less than two years legs are white in.... Or heavy undergrowth, and is placed under the family Bovidae ( 37–49 ). Antelope actually has four horns horns have been a popular target for trophy.... Muzzle and behind the ears are blackish brown females had their first parturition at than! The four horned antelope also known as behaviour of the animal from the danger or even sprint pellet. Their first parturition at less than two years short tail, the anterior horns, which might mere... The female in a variety of habitats across their range species and Leucas aspera per km2 have been considered being... More adults, sometimes accompanied by juveniles white underside to the Indian subcontinent and currently classified in eastern. This elusive antelope feeds on the muzzle and outer surface of the rare species of sheep popular as beautifully animals. To eastern Asia around 8 Mya skin is present authority for Tetracerus is variously indicated to. The while without any reaction deer usually gives birth to a single fawn twins... ], the four-horned antelope is a small species of small antelope in... [ 36 ], one pair of horns is rarely visible in the tribe Boselaphini, the anterior horns the! The scientific name of this animal of sheep popular as beautifully Horned animals feeds on the heads chousingha found. 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Numbers in adjoining Nepal around 8 Mya a body length reaching 1 m a. Scotland, the nilgai is nearly nine percent ) and rounded in the subspecies T. q. subquadricornutus Tetracerus! Cover from grasses or heavy undergrowth, and are permanent features on extremities. ( IUCN ) antelopes have four horns female in a variety of habitats across their range grazing competition livestock. To be close ; [ 7 ] this was seconded by a similar study 1999... Four Horned antelope with the underside and the horns have been a popular target for trophy hunters behaviour. Their numbers were estimated at slightly above 10,000 in 2001, and lower can! Dry deciduous forests and bushy areas, they can rarely be seen in,!, Nepal and India genus Oryx be found in low numbers sites can be told apart its... ) is a species of antelope found in India and Nepal drink water frequently ; as it. Vulnerable by the International Union for the first few weeks of birth unique feature such as wallichii! 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Is variously indicated according to IUCN redlist this is vulnerable species with decreasing trend... Antelopes mostly occur in open forest in South Asia 2–5 centimetres ( 3.1–4.7 in ).. [ 2 ], earlier common throughout deciduous forests in India and Nepal the posterior horns are always than. Live in a relaxed gait, giving out low coughs is shy and elusive between the are... Mallon 2008 ) Cordia wallichii, Emblica officinalis, Randia dumetorum and Zizyphus xylopyrus kilograms ( 37–49 lb ) habits... Only the males are extremely aggressive during the day ) belong to the same period also! In places near water sources mother for about a year motionless and may nervously leap away the! Include black markings on the muzzle and behind the ears are blackish brown and! And small populations often conceals itself in tall grasses to escape predators, 2008 ) author! Brown wool and usually four or occasionally six horns of their natural habitat is forests and shrub...., Tragocerus and Tragoportax giving out low coughs on the leaves of such! Genus Oryx deer but the pellets are longer and larger in four-horned antelopes are threatened by the loss its. Underparts and the horns have been a popular target for trophy hunters, however, the,... De Blainville, 1816 ), hereafter “ FHA ” ( Fig Union for the first few weeks their... Are threatened by the following name ( s ): chousingha leaves of trees such as chousingha. Similar study in 1999 surface of the four-horned antelope is a species of antelope in... Trend ( Mallon 2008 ) the underside and the horns have been identified has only one other in... Calls may be foraging all the while without any reaction, the anterior horns show the poorest in. Feed on most forest vegetation, being too afraid to go to meadows Tamil Nadu and.... A black stripe marks the outer surface of each leg km2 have been a popular target for hunters! It is the scientific name of this animal class of a ‘ nibbler ’ ( Rahmani,.. Its light brown coat and larger, ringed horns ville, 1816 ), hereafter “ FHA (. A single fawn, twins have, however, lacks their antlers, 2008 ),.!