improvement is seldom found without active, skillful, instructional leadership from principals and teachers” (p. 6, emphasis added). The sample • Effective principals actively engage the community to create shared responsibility for student 5.1.1 Instructional Supervisory Roles Principals Play in Secondary Schools ..... 85 5.1.2 Extent of Principals Instructional Supervisory Activities ..... 85 5.1.3 How Effectively Principals ˇ Instructional Supervisory Roles Influence Students ˇ al characteristics and describing his t'pi- Persell then raises the question of cal mode of action. principals act as genuine instructional leaders. Researchers identified different instructional leader’s role in their studies. These actions, when taken in total and well executed, should create dramatic improve - ments in a principal’s instructional leadership practice. Effective principals create a culture of continuous learning for adults tied to student learning and other school goals. This study investigated challenges to secondary school principals’ leadership in government own secondary schools in the areas of instructional supervision and provision of funds. The paper seeks to assess development of the instructional leadership role of the school principal over the past twenty-five years. Instructional Leadership 3 wondering, “just what should we be preparing principals to do as instruc-tional leaders?” 1 The purpose of this paper is to address this query. This is an explanatory research investigation on the role of principals as instructional leaders which has been highlighted over the past two to three decades. Instructional leaders go beyond the traditional role of school administrators and spend a lot more time focusing on developing knowledge and implementation of the curriculum, as well as instruction and assessment (Jita, 2010). For instance, McEwan in  has identified instruc- Their days are filled with activities of management scheduling, reporting, handling relations w ith parents and community, dealing principal leadership among the most pressing matters on a list of issues in public school educa-tion. cipals to be instructional leaders. It is important to note that instructional leadership tends to be much weaker in middle and high schools than in elementary schools. Teacher quality stood above everything else, but principal leadership came next, outstripping matters including dropout rates, STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) education, student testing, and preparation for college and careers. 1 The Principal As Instructional Leader In Literacy eBook File: The-principal-as-instructional-leader-in-literacy.PDF Book by Ontario Principals' Council,, The Principal As Instructional Leader In Literacy Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. with the secondary schools board on issues of principal leadership position. principal's role as instructional leader explaining the outcome of the Battle of reiterate the statements of Blumberg and Waterloo b- noting Wellington's gener-Greenfield, and Htuff and associates. Author: Ontario Principals' Council, Publisher: Corwin ISBN: 9781412963091 Size: 59.35 MB Format: PDF, ePub, Docs View: 4824 Get Books. The principal as instructional leader actively promotes more effective practices in the teaching and learning processes and recognizing instructional priorities rather than by serving as a school manager . • Effective principals use multiple sources of data as diagnostic tools to assess, identify and apply instructional improvement.